Civil War Brewing in Libya?

Ordinarily, word that the Libyan government was close to open warfare with militias wouldn’t be news. But in this case, the issue is oil revenue and whether the government gets it, or powerful separatist militias. And the government is apparently going to go to the mattresses to make their point.


A North Korean tanker has been loading oil at docks seized by separatist militias in the east and the government has ordered the military to destroy the ship rather than have the revenue fall into the hands of the militias.

Prime Minister Ali Zidan gave the order to bomb the ship yesterday, but the military did not carry out that order. Whether the military simply refused, or, as they claim, couldn’t obey the order because of the weather, Zidan has one gigantic headache that his government appears ill-equipped to deal with.


Libyan separatists loaded oil onto a North Korean tanker for a second consecutive day on Sunday, ignoring the central government’s threats of military action, an industry official said.

The separatists are former rebels who have turned against the interim authorities in the restive North African country after toppling veteran dictator Moamer Kadhafi in the 2011 uprising.

Since July separatists have been blockading oil terminals in eastern Libya that they had been entrusted with guarding over demands for autonomy in eastern regions and a share in lucrative oil revenues.

On Saturday they began loading oil onto the Panamanian-flagged “Morning Glory” tanker docked at Al-Sidra terminal.

Prime Minister Ali Zeidan ordered them to stop or else the tanker would be bombed, while Oil Minister Omar Shakmak denounced the separatists for an “act of piracy”.

On Sunday the defence ministry said orders for military action had been issued to the armed forces, the official Lana news agency reported.

The ministry ordered the chief of staff, the navy and the air force “to deal with the tanker that entered Libyan waters without a prior permit from the legitimate authorities,” Lana said.

The report came as National Oil Corporation spokesman Mohamed al-Hariri said that the Morning Glory was “still inside the harbour and loading is underway”.

Hariri said he expected the operation to continue until the end of Sunday, noting that the ship could take up to 350,000 barrels of crude oil.

But he was unable to give details on any plans by the authorities to stop the tanker from leaving the port.

– Plans to intercept ship –

However, military sources said plans were in place to intercept the tanker before it leaves Libya’s territorial waters.

Prime Minister Zeidan told a news conference late Saturday that the attorney general had given the order for the ship to be stopped.

“All parties must respect Libyan sovereignty. If the ship does not comply, it will be bombed,” he said.

Zeidan said the authorities had told the vessel’s captain to leave Libya’s waters, but added that armed gunmen on board were preventing him from setting sail.

A spokesman for the self-proclaimed government of Cyrenaica in the east, the political wing of the separatists, had said Saturday that oil exports from Al-Sidra had begun.

“We are not defying the government or the Congress (parliament). But we are insisting on our rights,” said Rabbo al-Barassi, who heads the Cyrenaica executive bureau formed in August.


It’s clear that the writ of the Zidan government does not run very far outside of Tripoli. His western allies aren’t doing much besides kibitzing on the sidelines. Taking on the separatists over oil could lead to a shooting war — a turn of events that the country can ill afford given it’s wretched economic condition and lack of cohesion. But Zidan has very little choice if he wants a country to rule at all.


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