Walt Disney's Fascinating Political Journey
We tend to think of Hollywood as a bastion of leftism, and rightly so. Books like Ron Radosh's Red Star Over Hollywood demonstrate the deep-seated left-wing dominance of the entertainment industry. Even with the leftism prevalent in Hollywood's Golden Age, many unabashed conservatives found success without compromising their principles, including one of the most creative minds in the business -- Walt Disney.
Several biographers and writers that I've read have tried to declare that Walt Disney was apolitical, but I find this conclusion not to be true. Diane Disney Miller once said that her father was "kind of a strange figure" politically, and Walt admitted his own political naiveté:
A long time ago, I found out that I knew nothing whatsoever about this game of politics and since then I've preferred to keep silent about the entire matter rather than see my name attached to any statement that was not my own.
But plenty of people surrounding Walt Disney knew the truth: that he was conservative to his core. Ward Kimball, one of Disney's "Nine Old Men," said that Walt's right-leaning politics made him uncomfortable and that politics drove a rift in their friendship in Disney's later years. Radical writer Maurice Rapf, who worked on several Disney films, including Song of the South, said, "He was very conservative except in one particular -- he was a very strong environmentalist." However, Walt Disney's conservatism did not manifest itself until after he had been a businessman for several years.
Walt Disney's early exposure to politics came from his father, Elias, who was a Socialist -- in particular, he followed the philosophy of J. A. Wayland. Wayland created a unique strain of Prairie Socialism in the late-19th and early-20th centuries. Daniel J. Flynn, in his book A Conservative History of the American Left, tells of how Wayland "reached Americans with the message [of Socialism] that had been heretofore explained in a German, Yiddish, or Russian accent, but never with a Bible-belt twang."