Trickle Down Despair: Lessons From a Peruvian Hospital Bed
In his famous encounter with Joe the Plumber, President Obama announced: "It's not that I want to punish your success. ... I think when you spread the wealth around, it's good for everybody."
Regrettably, the ash heap of history is littered with the disciples of this ideological gospel. Who pays the ultimate price for such foolish dogma? What can we learn from dark paths others have dared? I witnessed the effects of this cruel story with my own eyes.
General Juan Velasco Alvarado deposed the democratically elected president of Peru, Fernando Belaunde, in a military coup on October 3, 1968. His power secured, he famously proclaimed:
Campesino, el dueño nunca mas va a comer de tu pobreza.
Peasant, the landlord will never again eat from your poverty.
Proclaiming justice for the poor, he went on an unbridled nationalization spree of Peru's private mines, oil fields, and fisheries. Price controls were instituted to eliminate "unfair" competition. Predictably, foreign capital fled the ever-encroaching rules and regulations. As internal investment faded, political dissent increased -- until it was silenced in prison. Velasco's spending didn't end until he too was finally deposed in 1975, though his destructive policies were not reversed until the 1990s. What were the effects of his utopian vision of socialism on the very people he purported to "save"?
An investment strike and crushing deterioration of the tax base left the country unable to maintain its infrastructure. In a vain attempt to parry the monster of inflation, Peru did what all socialists do -- it minted three different currencies between 1985 and 1991. Incredibly, one "New Sol" in 1991 equaled 1,000,000,000 Old Sols of 1985 -- a devaluation of a billion in a span of 10 years.
I arrived in Peru in the middle of this madness in March 1986. We landed at the airport in Lima late at night -- under curfew. Socialist third-world countries have a distinct smell about them -- the toxic fusion of raw sewage drifting in the streets mixed with the stench of corruption and festering oppression of a people long forsaken by their government. On the way to our hotel, soldiers stopped our bus and checked our passports with machine guns in hand. They seized one of our Peruvian companions. We never heard from him again.
My first days were spent in a small fishing village on the desert coast in northern Peru. Naked children looking for food picked through mountains of trash along the glass-strewn streets while skirting pools of filth. A fortunate few chased flattened soccer balls; others played with balls of knotted rags. I moved into an adobe house with bars on the windows and doors, surrounded by thick, cinder block walls. Broken glass was embedded into the mortar on top of the wall -- to keep the thieves at bay. We tied an old sock to the single water faucet in the home to strain the big black chunks from the gray water. We had to empty the sock every day. We were lucky; on most days we had running water for up to two hours -- other days, not. The water smelled distressingly similar to the sewage which pooled in the streets. We bathed with bowls of gray water. Living conditions were abysmal.
Three days after arriving, my head started pounding -- the first symptom of typhoid fever.
Over the next few days, my vision blurred as my temperature soared and I slipped into a fever induced delirium. Thankfully, I don't remember much of those days as I lay in a pool of sweat in Peru. Some memories mercifully fade. Others, regrettably, do not. Half carried by friends, I stumbled past the armed guards at the hospital entrance, stepping over those who were left to die at the threshold. Far too often, the Grim Reaper was the only welcoming hand for those who could not bribe the doctors.
To draw my blood, a woman took a dull needle and jabbed it into my arm. After 20 minutes of searching she pulled it out and then honed it on a sharpening stone beside her. After a quick swipe of the needle with an alcohol soaked cotton swab, she tried again.
There were no medications in the hospital. Fortunately (for me, at least) there was a private pharmacy across the street for those with money. Anything I wanted or needed I had to arrange for myself. Including toilet paper. I spent many lonely weeks in dreary Peruvian hospitals staring at filthy, uncaring walls. To pass the time I flicked the ever-present air bubbles from the IV line which dripped burning chemicals into my veins.
The only reason I was treated was because I had money. Where was the supposed socialist dream of "universal health care"? In Peru, they say the severity of an illness can be described in two ways. "You are so sick you wish you would die" and "you are so sick you are scared you are going to." I survived both. Yet something even more caustic than dripping IVs has haunted my dreams ever since. Of all the horrors I witnessed and endured in Peru, none has penetrated me more than stumbling over a poor peasant woman who was left to die at the door of the hospital -- barred entry at gunpoint because she could not pay.
The country was bankrupt. Socialism drove the landlords into economic exile. Eventually their money ran out, leaving the poor peasants behind to pay the price of Velasco's infernal socialist designs. I stepped over a woman who paid that price. Lying in a lonely hospital bed, I realized government is not the solution to our problems. In Peru, universal health care led to universal misery.
General Velasco was right -- landlords never again ate from the "poverty" of the peasants ... and neither did the peasants.