The Shameful Way the Military Handles Non-Combat Deaths
More inspired than enraged, the Baragonas, who are extremely pro-military, have been on an 8-year mission seeking accountability by knocking on congressional doors and hounding the heels of Kuwait Gulf Link Transport (KGL), which has become fattened beyond imagination by U.S. taxpayers, winning $1 billion in DOD contracts for removing trash on American bases, for instance. Yet while under these contracts, KGL was alleged to have business partnerships with the Iranian government, but severed them after pressure from Congress.
Due to the Feres Doctrine, a soldier relinquishes some of his Constitutional rights when he enlists, says Baragona. The Feres Doctrine essentially denies a family the right to file a wrongful-death suit against the government when a family member dies while enlisted.
And when the Feres Doctrine is applied to a non-combat death, it immediately handicaps the investigation, says Baragona, because the process is not transparent and the Feres Doctrine does not allow the family a voice or a venue to air complaints and argue against what is found in an investigation.
“You don’t know who the witnesses are. You don’t what they’re saying. You don’t have a right to that information because it is all private. This allows for a large amount of abuse to happen,” she says.
The Baragonas and other advocates believe 9 out of 10 non-combat death investigations have faults. She blames military bureaucracy and a lack of experienced and trained investigators, for starters. Some investigations are outright cover-ups so as not to tarnish the military’s reputation, she says. And last, there is a military culture that “believes they’re doing more good for the family by not telling them what truly happened because they don’t want to add more suffering.”
In some cases, says Baragona, families have to conduct their own investigation. “And most of them don’t because they are still mourning,” she says.
In the case of 1st Lt. Debra Banaszak, after this reporter spoke to several soldiers that served under her in the Missouri National Guard, they said a significant number of male soldiers “had complete lack of respect for” a woman as their commanding officer.
“She was an outstanding officer, but I think (her unit) was full of incompetent non-commission officers and soldiers who were unwilling to accept a female commander,” said Staff Sergeant Bryan Wayne Scroggins of Sullivan, Illinois, who is currently with the Illinois National Guard, but served under Banaszak when both were with the Missouri National Guard. Scroggins says it is a hard call as to whether it was abuse that pushed her to take her own life. “As unfortunate as it is, these things happen even when we don't expect them,” he says.
Nevertheless, Baragona says a thorough investigation may have provided answers, but the military refuses to say whether an investigation was even attempted after Banaszak apparently shot herself in the chest.
Baragona says she has studied other militaries and how they deal with non-combat deaths and found the British military’s approach perhaps a model the U.S. military might want to emulate.
The British armed forces extend to the family three different liaisons to handle each case. One liaison that works with the coroner, a second to monitor the investigation and make sure all evidence is considered and collected in a timely manner, and last, a legal representative to make sure investigators are doing their job and argue any discrepancies when the findings come out.
“Families (of a soldier who died at war) are screwed-up for the first 2 years,” she says. “Most of them can’t even think of the investigation. So they really need someone appointed on their behalf.”