New Regulations Crush New England Fisheries
What does it take to get Democrats on the side of small business? Apparently, a threat to small business in their home states.
The New England fishing industry, one of the staples of the Northeastern economy for centuries, is now seeing small boats going out of business at an alarming rate because of the new regulations pushed by the Obama administration and the green lobby. Called "catch-shares," the regulations are supposed to create an individual quota system to help fisheries stay viable by giving them a proprietary interest in the fish stocks.
Yet according to a story by the Washington Examiner, that's not what's happening:
The culprit is the "catch-shares" -- i.e. individual fishing quotas -- program started in May 2010 by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Under the system, transferable vouchers entitle fishermen to a certain percentage of the total allowable catch of a given species of fish.
Implemented properly, catch-shares are allocated as individual fishing quotas, which give fishermen a property right in the stocks they fish. This gives them an incentive to ensure that fish stocks stay healthy and grow, as has happened in Iceland and New Zealand, for example.
However, that is not the model NOAA has followed. American fishermen have no property rights. Moreover, the total allowable catch has been set far below the level needed to sustain fisheries.
According to the Examiner, fisherman Daniel Bubb caught 220,000 pounds of codfish in the year before the system was implemented. In the first year of the catch-share policy, he caught 11,000 pounds, of which he was only allowed to sell 9,000 pounds. What he had to do with the ton of fish he wasn't allowed to sell we don't know.
Worse, according to the Examiner, it's putting boats out of business by the job lot:
This is not an isolated incident. In those American fisheries that have been subjected to catch-share regulations (excluding recently affected New England), Food & Water Watch magazine found that only 37 percent of boats survived the transition.
New England's fishing industry is similarly plummeting, despite being affected by the regulations for less than a year. In five months, over half of the Northeast's fishing fleet had been lost.
The trend is likely to continue, as catch-share permissions are being consolidated into just a few, wealthy, well-connected hands. Of the 247 ground-fishing vessels (which catch fish that swim close to the sea floor) in New England that are still active, 55 boats accounted for 61 percent of the revenue.
The person who has been put in charge of the fishing industry through her directorship of NOAA, Jane Lubchenco, has no background in fisheries at all. In fact, she was vice president of the non-governmental organization Environmental Defense Fund, and has said that science would guide the agency and that she expects it to play a role in developing a green economy.
The problem: her "science" is apparently off.