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More birthright citizenship.

Interesting quote from Sen. Jacob Howard (R-Mich.), who introduced the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Senate:

[E]very person born within the limits of the United States, and subject to their jurisdiction, is by virtue of natural law and national law a citizen of the United States. This will not, of course, include persons born in the United States who are foreigners, aliens, who belong to the families of ambassadors or foreign ministers accredited to the Government of the United States, but will include every other class of persons.” Cong. Globe, 39th Cong., 1st Sess. 2890 (1866). Library of Congress, Brady-Handy Photograph Collection.

Yet Garrett Epps, a constitutional law professor at the University of Baltimore, argued in The Atlantic that Sen. Howard wasn't listing foreigners, aliens, and those who belong to families of ambassadors and foreign ministers, but rather that the reference to "foreigners" and "aliens" only meant those "who belong to the families of ambassadors or foreign ministers."

What about the quote from “Honest Jake” Howard? Well, here’s the full quote: “This will not, of course, include persons born in the United States who are foreigners, aliens, who belong to the families of ambassadors or foreign ministers accredited to the Government of the United States, but will include every other class of persons.” Anton quietly supplied the word orto make it appear that two different definitions were being offered—either a diplomat or a foreigner. But in fact, what Howard was saying was simple: American-born children of diplomats are not birthright citizens—because they and their parents are immune from American laws.

To be honest, I think Sen. Howard's quote reads more like a list, and that the "foreigners" and "aliens" he referenced were not only meant to refer to the families of diplomats. It seems Epps is reading too much into the fact that Howard didn't include an "or" between "aliens" and "who belong." But what do I know? I'm not a constitutional scholar...