It's the Spending, Stupid

If for some reason, the ad agency that produces those MasterCard "Priceless" commercials ever wrote a commercial  that critiqued government spending, it would sound something like this:

  • Annual salary and benefits of Bell, California's former city manager: over $1.5 million.
  • New 4,200 K-12 school complex in Los Angeles for 4,200 students: $578 million.
  • One earmark for a "near-zero emissions coal power plant in Illinois that the (U.S.) Dept. of Energy (had previously) defunded because the project was inefficient": $2 billion.
  • Spending appetite of government at all levels: bottomless.

The above recitation illustrates that as bad as the Bell and L.A. examples are, it's the federal government that can waste money like no other entity ever seen on Planet Earth. Fiscal restraint has of course been a problem for decades, but the spending that has occurred under congresses controlled by Democrats since 2007 has taken this country to the edge of a fiscal and economic precipice.

A little-known fact is that federal spending rose by only 2.8% during fiscal 2007 under the final budget passed by a Republican Congress. I know, zero percent would have been preferable, and it was way too little and too late for a bunch that had let spending grow way too quickly during the previous five years.

Then came the Democrats. Spending during the fiscal year that ended in September 2008, the first full budget year under the control of Nancy Pelosi and Harry Reid, increased by 9.1% to almost $3 trillion. That percentage increase was greater than any Republican Congress under George W. Bush.

They were just warming up. Fiscal 2009 brought the beginning of the $787 billion (before interest) "economic stimulus plan." All but those in serious denial acknowledge that it has failed to revive the economy, which economist David Rosenberg described on August 25 as already being in a depression. Despite representations to the contrary, the stimulus plan had 9,000 earmarks, including that $2 billion Illinois energy debacle. More generally, entitlement and other spending went into overdrive. Fiscal 2009 ended with a reported deficit of $1.416 trillion.

Recently, the Congressional Budget Office estimated that the deficit for fiscal 2010 will be a bit lower, predicting a figure of $1.342 trillion (see page three at this large-PDF report) after the dust settles. Wowee zowee.

The problem is that both last year's and this year's numbers are fudged. Even before considering the off-budget baloney and the Fed's massive "quantitative easing," each of which would require at least an additional column to treat properly, Uncle Sam's real 2009 deficit was $115 billion lower than reported, while the 2010 deficit, assuming no additional non-cash adjustments, will be higher by the same amount.

This situation is not the CBO's fault, as it follows the accounting rules implemented by the administration. The problem is with one of those accounting rules.

Beginning in April 2009, the Treasury Department began reporting its "investments" under the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) using what is known as "net present value" accounting. As I noted in a May 2009 column, this was a major departure from the cash-in, cash-out reporting people had come to previously expect, and which most believe still occurs.