Extreme Constitution Makeover: Amendments of the New Congress

Another January, another Congress, another plethora of bills aimed at changing the Constitution.

And it goes beyond the standard drive of fiscal conservatives to add a balanced budget amendment to the nation's guiding document.

One New York Democrat -- incidentally, a chum of Venezuelan strongman Hugo Chavez, who was able to remove every barrier to a lifetime presidency except his current illness -- re-introduced a bill on the second day of the 113th Congress to remove presidential term limits.

"Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled (two-thirds of each House concurring therein), That the following article is proposed as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States, which shall be valid to all intents and purposes as part of the Constitution when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years after the date of its submission for ratification: `The twenty-second article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed,'" states the legislation introduced by Rep. Jose Serrano (D-N.Y.). It has no co-sponsors and was referred to the House Judiciary Committee.

The idea didn't start during the term of President Obama, but that of the Democrat who served before him.

This bill is an old favorite of Serrano's: he's introduced it in the past eight Congresses, starting with the Bill Clinton years in 1997.

Of course, now that Clinton's spent some time outside of the Oval Office, he's in favor of repeal, too. "Shouldn’t a president be able to take two terms, take time off and run again?" Clinton said on MSNBC in November, though clarifying that he didn't think it should be retroactive.

In 1995, 1997 and 1999, Rep. Steny Hoyer (D-Md.), now minority whip, introduced his own bills to repeal presidential term limits. Like Serrano's efforts, those didn't go anywhere -- but they did pick up a handful of co-sponsors, most no longer serving in the House.

On the other side of the aisle, conservative Rep. Steve King (R-Iowa) has introduced a bill to repeal the 16th amendment, which gives Congress the power to "lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration."

"The Founding Fathers envisioned a robust market based economy," said King, "and our current tax policies do not encourage that system. Replacing the current income tax with a consumption tax will ensure that productivity is not punished in our country, but rewarded."

He has one co-sponsor, Rep. Rob Woodall (R-Ga.).

Alabama Republican Rep. Martha Roby introduced one of the balanced budget amendments in the new Congress, pairing it with the reading of the Constitution on the House floor Tuesday.

It would prohibit federal expenditures from exceeding federal revenues within the same fiscal year and 20 percent of the gross domestic product for the preceding calendar year, with an exception for wartime. It would also require the president to, on time before each fiscal year, submit to Congress a proposed federal budget in which total outlays do not exceed total revenues received by the United States.

“Yesterday the president spent an hour lecturing Congress about ‘paying our bills.’ Well, one great way to ensure you can always pay your bills is to never charge up more than you can afford," Roby said. "The spending reductions through entitlement reforms we’ve continued to seek are important and needed, but the long-term solution to our country’s debt problem is requiring Washington politicians to pass a balanced budget every year.”

Reps. Bob Goodlatte (R-Va.), John Barrow (D-Ga.), Vern Buchanan (R-Fla.), and Lee Terry (R-Neb.) have introduced their own balanced budget amendments, all on the first day of Congress.

Barrow introduced his bill with fellow Blue Dog Democrat Henry Cuellar (D-Texas).

"For decades, the federal government has written checks it can't cover," Barrow said. "We've reached a point where our debt is unsustainable, and unless we act now to get our finances in order, future generations will be forced to pay for this out of control spending."