Egypt: What's Happening Now (Updated)
UPDATED (8:34p EST): Al Jazeera has released a new casualty list. According to the station, over 20 people have been killed and over a 1,000 have been injured. Activists online claim that hundreds, perhaps more than a thousand, others have been arrested from across the country.
The Egyptian army just moved into the northern city of Alexandria. Protesters have burnt down the government headquarters in the city and several police stations, which are now all being guarded by the army. Even as it's nearly 4 AM in Egypt, the capital Cairo is still being rocked by explosions according to multiple witnesses inside the city. No independent confirmation exists of the cause of these explosions.
UPDATED (7:00p EST): Rough transcript of President Obama's speech on Egypt:
President Obama started by saying that the White House had been been monitoring the the situation in Egypt. He called on Egyptian authorities to not use violence against their people. He also said that the Egyptian people have the right to free speech, assembly, and association and to determine their own destiny.
He asked the Egyptian government to remove the internet blockage and restrictions on social websites. He then asked the people of Egypt to not use violence and work towards their goals using peaceful means. He stressed that the United States has a close partnership with Egypt. But it is clear that there must be social, political, and economic reforms that meet the Egyptian people's aspirations.
He mentioned that he spoke to Mubarak and told him that he should deliver on his promises that he had made to the Egyptian people in his speech an hour ago. He also stressed that ultimately, the future of Egypt would be determined by the Egyptian people and that they wanted the same thing the people of the United States want: a better life and a just and responsive government.
He added that the U.S. will be a partner in pursuit of aspirations and will be working with the Egyptian government and people to secure their future. The president concluded by saying that the new generation in Egypt had the right to be heard and that the U.S. will continue to stand up for the rights of the Egyptian people and will work with the Egyptian government in pursuit of a better future for them.
UPDATED (6:33p EST): As the protests continue, several people are claiming that the army may be providing riot police and other security forces with live ammunition to use against protesters. This cannot be denied or confirmed yet. Many people inside Egypt on social networking sites -- using proxies to connect on the single remaining ISP that hasn't been blocked by the government -- are showing anger and discontent at President Mubarak's speech and his refusal to cede power.
Jeremy Scahill of The Nation claimed on Twitter that President Barack Obama was on the phone with Mubarak for half an hour. No other source has confirmed this yet.
UPDATED (6:14p EST): Protesters have not gone home after the speech by President Mubarak. They continue to chant anti-government and anti-Mubarak slogans and remain at large in Cairo and other cities.
The first reaction by an opposition party comes from the Muslim Brotherhood. A leader of the Brotherhood told Al Jazeera moments ago that Mubarak must step down and [in case he doesn't] the military must step in and remove him.
UPDATED (5:40p EST): After the conclusion of Mubarak's speech, protesters were heard on Al Jazeera screaming: "Down Down with Mubarak!"
UPDATED (5:36p EST): Hosni Mubarak appeared on Egypt's Nile TV, declaring that he has asked the government -- presumably the entire cabinet at least, if not the parliament -- to resign, and there will be a new government announced tomorrow. He also spoke at length about his government's efforts in stabilizing the country and in making economic reforms. He said that he cannot allow for the country to fall into insecurity and instability. He also announced that he knows the issues that the Egyptian people are suffering from, and that he and his government had worked tirelessly to alleviate the people's poor conditions.
He announced that the protests were a result of the freedoms -- mainly freedom of expression and freedom of assembly -- that were granted and guaranteed by his government. He warned the country to look at the instability caused by similar protests in countries around Egypt, and how the people there ended up not having the democracy that they protested so hard for.
But throughout the speech, President Mubarak sounded like a man who looked like he was unable to control the people. There were no harsh warnings of use of force against protesters. Effectively, his act of asking the government to resign was presented by him as a desperate means to appease the protesters.
There are no reactions as of yet from the opposition leaders or protesters.
UPDATE (5:20p EST): Mubarak now speaking.
UPDATE (4:59p EST): There is a strong likelihood, being discussed right now, that President Hosni Mubarak may have already left the country. He was due to appear on TV, which had been announced hours ago, yet no word came of that. Instead, the parliament speaker, who is first in line to succeed the president, appeared on TV and said there will be an announcement shortly. Speculation is that if Mubarak were in the country, the speaker Ahmad Fathi Sorour wouldn't have had to make the announcement and Mubarak would have appeared on TV himself. While the opposition claims the president's wife, son, and a grandchild left the country for Europe two days ago, the government denies this.
So far, the Army, which was mobilized by the government a few hours ago, has not directly stepped in to stop the protests. This is good news for protesters who have beaten back the riot police and other security forces for the most part, and are in virtually uncontested control of major parts of Cairo and other cities. The Army is simply securing important government buildings and broadcasting facilities in Cairo and other cities.
Protesters remain on the streets and the chaos continues as the world awaits word from the Egyptian government.
UPDATE (4:35p EST): Egyptian Parliament Speaker Ahmad Fathi Sorour appeared on state TV and said: "An important matter will be announced shortly." No further details.
Protests continue. On the other side of the world, reports suggest that in Caracas, Venezuela, a group of protesting Arabs and Egyptians have entered and taken over the Egyptian embassy there.
UPDATE (4:11p EST): Protesters also remain out on the streets in Suez, and several buildings are on fire there as well. Al Jazeera now confirms 11 dead, 150 injured and 20 critically injured in that city. That brings the total number of deaths that can be confirmed for today to 12. Sources are claiming as many as 1,000 people have been arrested all over the country, but there is no way to confirm that number.
UPDATE (3:45p EST): There is absolute chaos. Some are claiming the death toll in Suez is as high as almost a dozen, and over a hundred injured. The death toll in Cairo still stands at 1, but that number might rise as night falls.
Confusion has taken over reporting from Cairo and other cities in Egypt. Because the situation is so tense, reporters are having trouble confirming reports that are being relayed to them, and even confirming events that they are witnessing right in front of them.
While most reporters claim the army entered the cities, some claim it was actually the Presidential Guard, which is separate from the Army and numbers over 20,000.
What looks certain is that Cairo is witnessing gunfire, explosions, and fires, and reports of casualties and arrests are mounting.
UPDATE: The Foreign Affairs Ministry is on fire, according to Al Jazeera.
The Army Chief of Staff is returning home from DC, cutting short his trip.
UPDATE: Al Jazeera just now claimed at least 5 have died in Suez.
Hundreds have been injured and the hospitals across the country are overwhelmed by the number of wounded protesters brought in. Clashes continue in several cities. Opposition leader Ayman Nour has been injured in the protests and is now in the hospital. The U.S. State Department just released a travel warning for Egypt.
UPDATE: The National Democratic Party's headquarters in Cairo has been destroyed by fire after being looted by protesters.
Egypt Air has suspended all flights for the next 12 hours.
The northern Sinai peninsula has lost electricity.
In the meantime, tanks have entered Alexandria and the army is exerting control over Suez. Downtown Cairo is in chaos right now, with fires in many different buildings.