If you’re going to go through traditional publishing (which might still be feasible at times) or even if you’re submitting to one of the new micro presses, there will come a time, after you’ve done a pitch for the book or after you met an editor at a convention, or even after you sent in a query asking if they wanted to see your idea, where someone will say, “Sure, send me a proposal and three chapters.”
There was a time when these words struck terror in me. This is because I had clue zero how one wrote “a proposal” or a synopsis, or any of that stuff. (Technically the “proposal” is three chapters and a synopsis, but half the time the editor asks for a “proposal and three chapters.” Don’t stress, she really means a synopsis. Well, sort of. Calm down, all will be revealed.)
Then while I was sitting at a writer’s group meeting, I told the lady next to me I had no idea how to do this, and she sketched it for me in the back of an envelope. This was not QUITE all that was needed. The subtleties of the different types of proposal and developing the art of a “selling” proposal took a little longer.
I can’t in a single article propose to teach you all the details of writing a selling proposal, but I can perhaps help you along.
First, remember that a proposal/synopsis is a selling tool. Unless you’re asked to do a chapter by chapter synopsis, don’t do that. I thought that was the only form of proposal for the longest time, but if you read a proposal that is written that way, your eyes quickly glaze over. Yes, it might be a complete picture of your plot, but a book is more than a plot. First, the person must know why they would care about what your characters are doing. This is often a mistake of newbie writers, too, when you ask “tell me about your novel.” They don’t give us what is neat about their novel, or the overarching reason I should care, but (using Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice because even if you haven’t read it – philistine! – you can look up the plot or watch a mini-series – but not the movie, because it sucks) they’ll tell you something like this,
“There’s this family, and they have all these girls see, and then there’s this assembly in town, and then the older one meets this guy and he’s rich and they like each other, but then the younger one meets his friend who is even richer, but he’s all like stuck up and proud.”
A chapter by chapter synopsis is often like that, but at greater length and even more boring.