In the two countries that Islamic terrorism was born in, Egypt and Saudi Arabia, the terrorists are taking a beating. This is good news that doesn't get much attention, but it says much about the future of Islamic terrorism. In Egypt, the majority of the population continues to be turned off by the seemingly random violence of Islamic terrorists. . . .
Islamic terrorists are aware of this image problem, and there is a, at times, public debate among the leadership over the need to avoid attacks that kill Moslems, especially women and children. Another tactic that works, is good works. Charity projects are good for the image of Islamic terrorists. This has worked in the Palestinian territories (Hamas), Lebanon (Hizbollah), and Pakistan (many groups). However, the "charity" tactic also limits your choice of targets. For the moment, Palestine, Lebanon and Pakistan remain the main training grounds, and support bases for Islamic terrorism. Getting at these bases is difficult, because of the protective "good will" the Islamic terrorists have created.
Hybrid cars are a good bet for tax breaks in 2006. The new year will bring more savings for buyers of at least 13 gas-electric vehicles, with those showing the most improvement in fuel efficiency securing bigger tax breaks for their new owners.
The breaks will come in the form of tax credits, and they range from $3,150 for buyers of the Toyota Prius to $250 for Chevrolet's Silverado pickup truck, according to an analysis by the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy.
JONAH GOLDBERG: "A new contender for dumbest story of the year makes a bid. The AP reports that the White House's Orwellian website technology -- they use a traffic counter! -- is not technically illegal."
I agree with Ann Althouse that it would be nice to have a national discussion on surveillance laws in light of new technology. The kind of coverage these topics are getting from our increasingly dysfunctional press, however, makes me wonder if such a discussion is even possible.
UPDATE: More from Althouse here: "I wonder if those who screamed loudest about the Plame leak and national security are equally outraged about this new leak?"
LIKE THE DIE HARD MOVIES, the sequels just keep coming: "Tropical Storm Zeta formed Friday in the eastern Atlantic Ocean, another installment in a record-breaking hurricane season that officially ended last month."
I see this as Mother Nature's way of marking hurricane-blogger Brendan Loy's wedding.
posted at 04:39 PM by Glenn Reynolds
BOB KRUMM: Impeach Bush now! "So, yes, bring forth Rep. John Conyersí articles of impeachment. It should be Speaker Hastertís first order of business in the new year. Rush it to the floor for a vote a la Rep John Murthaís demand for an immediate withdrawal from Iraq. And when the motion is overwhelmingly defeated, perhaps then we can put all this nonsensical talk about impeachment behind us and finally focus instead on the nationís future."
FINISHED READING RESONANCE, by Chris Dolley and Timothy Zahn, the other day. A pretty good Singularity story, with an interesting quantum-mechanical / multiverse spin.
UPDATE: The Amazon page says Timothy Zahn's a coauthor, but I don't think he really is. I don't have the book with me at the moment, so I can't check.
posted at 10:01 AM by Glenn Reynolds
IT'S BEEN MORE ABOUT VIOLENT VIDEOGAMES AND CONGRESS over at GlennReynolds.com all week. Start here and scroll up, if you're interested.
posted at 09:54 AM by Glenn Reynolds
AFTER PROBLEMS WITH POWERBLOGS, Volokh is back up, though I think some other sites are still down.
posted at 09:52 AM by Glenn Reynolds
COOKIES ON WEBSITES? Heaven forfend! Ed Morrissey notes the fizzling of the latest "espionage" story, and Jeff Jarvis observes: "This is getting ridiculous: The AP is treating the NSAís use of web cookies as if it is Big Brother spying. Theyíre just cookies." Found in abundance, as many have noted, on Big Media sites themselves.
posted at 09:48 AM by Glenn Reynolds
December 29, 2005
SORRY FOR THE NON-BLOGGING: We're up visiting my brother's family. Email response is also likely to be somewhere between slow and nonexistent. Back later.
STEPHEN GREEN reports on the birth of a new baby boy: "Given Melissa's and my genes, the question wasn't if he would be born with hair. The question was: How would he have it styled?"
posted at 09:26 AM by Glenn Reynolds
MICKEY KAUS IS GLOATING over L.A. Times fact-checking problems. Meanwhile, still no word from the Washington Post on the factual errors in the Jonathan Finer and Doug Struck story that misreported on Bill Roggio's blogging from Iraq. I know it's the holidays, but this is still an embarrassment for the Post.
Yes, one of the things that I think really kind of unnerved the elite, is that while there are all these conferences and discussions in Washington and elsewhere about should we support Afghan warlords or not, should we create an Afghan national army or not, what should our foreign policy be in Yemen or Colombia or in Iraq. I discovered a world of basically working-class people, who were operationally far more sophisticated and knowledgeable about all these issues, who spoke languages, who had personalities that didn't fit into any one neat division. They were evangelical, but they spoke two exotic languages. People like that who...so while all these discussions are taking place, foreign policy is being enacted on the ground by majors and sergeants and lieutenants, who are utterly oblivious to most of these discussions. And you know what? They're doing these things very, very well.
Read the whole thing. Now if we could just get Hugh podcasting.
AN UNUSUAL REVIEW: People usually send me books, but the folks at Sumo Lounge emailed to ask if I'd review a beanbag chair. That's not the kind of thing I usually do, but the Insta-Daughter had just been asking for one anyway, so I agreed. They sent me a review version of the Omni and I put it upstairs and let my daughter and her 14-year-old cousin who's visiting for the holidays test it out.
I found the nylon covering a bit stiff (though happily, it should be easy to clean) but the girls pronounced it "fabulous" and seemed to really like it. ("Give them a great review" my daughter said.) If you're looking for a beanbag chair, and don't mind that it isn't soft and fuzzy, you might give this one a try.
posted at 10:42 PM by Glenn Reynolds
HERE'S MORE in the Ed Cone / John Tabin debate over Al Sharpton and "marginal" lenders.
As someone who generally favors free markets, I'd normally side with Tabin, and Sharpton, here. But many of the deals offered by a lot of these loan outfits are so bad that it's hard to believe anyone agrees to them understanding what's going on. The interest rates are so absurdly high that merely spelling out the deal would seem to be evidence that the borrower probably didn't realize what was involved. I certainly agree that there's a need for people with bad credit and low incomes to get banking services, and credit. But, really, I don't think you can defend these kind of operations except on the most abstract grounds.
Using the 1965 Voting Rights Act, the government has alleged that Brown and local elections officials discriminated against whites. It is the first time the Justice Department has ever claimed that whites suffered discrimination in voting because of race. . . .
The Justice Department says Brown and local elections officials disenfranchised whites ó challenging their voting status, rejecting their absentee ballots and telling voters to choose candidates according to race.
Brown says he has merely tried to keep white Republicans from voting in Democratic primaries. He says the lawuit is all political ó an attempt to discredit him because the Democratic Party in eastern Mississippi has been doing so well at bringing new voters to the polls, which may mean someday soon that Mississippi, a red state, could turn blue.
"The Justice Department's become an arm of the RNC," Brown said.
The Justice Department would not comment, but county prosecutor Ricky Walker is a potential witness for the government. Walker was surprised when Brown recruited a black candidate who didn't even live in the county to run against him. Walker, after all, is a Democrat.
posted at 09:36 PM by Glenn Reynolds
I'LL BE ON HUGH HEWITT'S SHOW in a few minutes, talking about various events including, I suspect, the Bill Roggio story. You can listen live online here if you're so inclined.
Sixty-four percent (64%) of Americans believe the National Security Agency (NSA) should be allowed to intercept telephone conversations between terrorism suspects in other countries and people living in the United States. A Rasmussen Reports survey found that just 23% disagree.
Sixty-eight percent (68%) of Americans say they are following the NSA story somewhat or very closely.
Just 26% believe President Bush is the first to authorize a program like the one currently in the news.
A European satellite shot into space Wednesday to launch the EU's $4 billion US planned rival to the United States' Global Positioning System. . . .
The European Union started the program out of concern that GPS, because of its military focus, could be cut off in some cases. Last year, U.S. President George W. Bush ordered plans for temporarily disabling GPS satellites during national crises to prevent terrorists from using the technology.
The European Space Agency says it will guarantee operation at all times, except in case of "the direst emergency." It also says users would be notified of satellite problems within seconds.
This was Professor Heinz Wofis, former head of the European manned space programme, who cast doubt on the validity of the project, dismissing it as a "largely political" exercise, reflecting the nascent anti-Americanism of the EU, and arguing that costs had been underestimated. He suggested that the real cost could be as much as five times the headline figure.
Where, of course, the EU plans to make the system work financially is by using its regulatory power. It plans to make the system compulsory for its Single European Sky project, railway signalling systems and for road charging. Irrespective of the fact that an upgraded US system will be provided free of charge, the EU plans to levy users and thereby recover its costs though these means, effectively imposing a user tax on EU member states and their commercial enterprises.
Then there is also the payback in sales of military technology using GPS, which explains why, in particular, French aerospace contractors are so keen on the system, attracting the support of French defence minister Alliot Marie.
None of this, perforce, finds its way into today's media coverage, which emphasises the "touchy feely" aspects, such as the mobile phones that "will enable people to determine their exact position, down to the very meter (sic), free of charge," without also stating that such systems have their "big brother" aspect in that they will enable the authorities to keep track of everyone using such a system.
Last night, my sister-in-law and I watched The Stunt Man, a Peter O'Toole / Barbara Hershey film from 1980 that I've heard O'Toole call the best work of his career. The funniest line in the film (which isn't at all the slapstick comedy that its title suggests, but which has its funny moments) is when a stunt man complains about all the runaway-horse scenes and explosions that won't be in the film "Those people," he sneers, "only care about the story." Well, that's not a problem with filmmaking these days. . . .
UPDATE: Hey, Max Boot is writing about Hollywood, too, though in a different vein. And yet, I think these criticisms are connected, somehow.
At colleges across the country, 58 women will enroll as freshmen for every 42 men. And as the class of 2010 proceeds toward graduation, the male numbers will dwindle. Because more men than women drop out, the ratio after four years will be 60--40, according to projections by the Department of Education.
The problem isn't new-women bachelor's degree--earners first outstripped men in 1982. But the gap, which remained modest for some time, is widening. More and more girls are graduating from high school and following through on their college ambitions, while boys are failing to keep pace and, by some measures, losing ground. . . . The consequences go far beyond a lousy social life and the longer--term reality that many women won't find educated male peers to marry. There are also academic consequences, and economic ones.
On Nov. 20, the Tribune began an inquest: We set out to assess the Bush administration's arguments for war in Iraq. We have weighed each of those nine arguments against the findings of subsequent official investigations by the 9/11 Commission, the Senate Intelligence Committee and others. . . . After reassessing the administration's nine arguments for war, we do not see the conspiracy to mislead that many critics allege.
The U.S. Congress is giving the U.S. Army a recruiting edge over the other services. Thus Congress is finally recognizing something that everyone else has known for over 60 year; the army has a harder time recruiting people than the other services. All through the period of the draft, the army took most of the draftees, with the other services often taking none. People would rather volunteer for the navy, air force, or even the marines, rather than go into the army. As a result, the other services (which are in the process of laying off people), are not making much of a stink over all this.
JONATHAN FINER AND DOUG STRUCK of the Washington Post weren't available, but Hugh Hewitt did interview Bill Roggio regarding the problems with the Post story on his blogging. The transcript is online here.
UNSCAM UPDATE: Oil-for-food figure Benon Sevan makes a surprise appearance. Claudia Rosett has the story. My favorite bit: "There stood Benon Sevan. As one of the investigators describes it, Mr. Sevan came to the door 'In shorts, no shirt, and sandals, smoking a cigar.' Apparently everyone was surprised to come thus face-to-face."
posted at 08:10 AM by Glenn Reynolds
SPACE:2005 -- not as exciting as Space: 1999, but at least there are no hostile aliens and bad 1970s haircuts. My TCS Daily column for this week looks at some major happenings, including Jeff Bezos' Blue Origin project.
posted at 08:07 AM by Glenn Reynolds
December 27, 2005
ADVICE FOR AMAZON, reflections on digital stardom, and more: Jeff Jarvis is on a roll today.
UPDATE: Here's a roundup of blog reactions from PJ Media. Most people feel we owe the Poles some gratitude here, and they're right.
posted at 09:08 PM by Glenn Reynolds
I'VE BEEN MEANING to order Battlestar Galactica ever since Virginia Postrel wrote that it "may very well be the best show on TV and is certainly the most philosophical." I don't know why I never did -- I guess the memory of the earlier, Lorne Green-based series from the 1970s (which wouldn't fit Virginia's description at all) got in the way.
But now James Poniewozik, writing in Time, ranks it his number one show of the year, and observes: "Most of you probably think this entry has got to be a joke. The rest of you have actually watched the show." Okay, okay, I give.
And, yes, I could watch it on TV when it airs, but that never seems to work for my schedule. I could also break down and buy a TiVo, I guess, but I haven't.
UPDATE: Jonah Goldberg agrees on Battlestar Galactica.
There are three problems with this article which require a response: the use of incorrect facts which could have been easily checked; the portrayal of my embed as an information operation; and equating U.S. military information operations with al-Qaeda propaganda efforts.
Read the whole thing. I hope the Post will run a response and correct the errors.
ANOTHER UPDATE: The Post is accused of engaging in a FUD campaign. "This is fascinating stuff because the production of FUD is a sign of an organization whose product is facing a competitive threat that it can't beat head to head."
Meanwhile, another freelancer who covered Iraq on his own initiative, J.D. Johannes, weighs in, too.
And Mark Tapscott writes that this will be a test for the Post in terms of handling major errors regarding the blogosphere. He also wonders how the mistakes that Roggio outlines made it past all those layers of editors and fact-checkers we hear about.
As Ed Morrissey notes, in general the WP has been much fairer than most American outlets. I'm a bit surprised by this, and I hope they'll make it right.
posted at 03:39 PM by Glenn Reynolds
A COUPLE OF INTERESTING ITEMS on military personnel matters, from StrategyPage. First overwork is a problem in retaining NCOs:
The U.S. Department of Defense has found that the current war in Iraq and Afghanistan is causing many troops to leave the service, but not for the reasons you would think. The biggest complaints involve the heavy work load, and the time spent away from families, and time to relax and recuperate. Danger and physical risk is not a major factor. As a practical matter, the losses from the heavy work load are not a major problem, because the reenlistment rate has gone up since the war began. But numbers are not everything, because itís the experienced NCOs and officers getting out that do the damage.
Ever since American women were first recruited for regular military service 90 years ago, there were fears that sexual harassment would be a disruptive influence. Because the military is a very disciplined organization, this has proved not to be the case. There is sexual harassment, but much less than in civilian jobs. A recent Department of Defense survey of 76,000 members of the military reserves found that 53 percent of men and 33 percent of women believed there was less sexual harassment than in civilian jobs. In addition, 44 percent of the women saw no difference in the degree of sexual harassment at military and civilian workplaces. . . .
Because the troops are no longer allowed access to booze or prostitutes in the war zone, and about fifteen percent of the troops are female, there is a lot of sexual activity among the troops. This is largely against the regulations. But enforcing a ban on consensual sex is seen as counter-productive, and the hanky-panky is tolerated. For the moment.
COOL AND CHEAP: I remember being impressed with a -- hellishly expensive -- 10MB HardCard, back in about 1984. Now I just "installed" one of these 60 GB shirt-pocket hard drives, powered by USB, and cheap enough that it was pretty much an impulse buy; I wanted something easily portable to back up laptops. (It really is as small as it looks in the photos, too -- only a little bigger than a deck of cards or a pack of cigarettes.) I use the quotation marks around "installed" because all I had to do was plug it into the USB port and it was ready.
Six thousand times the storage, at (if I recall correctly) about one-third or one-fourth the price, in a much more convenient package. If only everything got better as fast as computers and electronics do.
UPDATE: Reader Kevin Murphy emails: "Moore's Law states that performance/price doubles every 1.5 years. Given 21 years, that would be a factor of 2^^14 or 16,384. Which is pretty close to 6000 times performance at 1/3rd the price. Pretty good long-term validation of Moore's Law if you ask me."
Meanwhile, Jim Skrydlak emails:
Your post today about your new shirt-pocket disk drive and the steadily declining cost of technology was right on (as usualy for your posts). I thought that it might interest you to know that, in the mid-1970s, disk drives came two to a box. The box was approximately the size of a washing machine. Eight boxes were, in turn, attached to a controller, which attached the whole string to a channel (I'm talking IBM 360/370 here). An individual drive (Model 3330-1) held 100 MB (200 MB for a box). The cost, including a pro-rata share of a controller, wa in excess of $1 per MB. We used to refer to the disk storage for a computer room as the "disk farm", and a farm would, in fact, cover an acre or more.
None of that is even to mention the electric power consumption both to run the disk drives and to dissipate the heat nor the frequency with which there would be a problem with a drive, a controller or a (removable) disk pack, which was a stack of ten (I think) platters, each 13" (I think) in diameter.
That's before my time, though my computer-science Explorer post in high school used a Univac 494 (already obsolete then) that employed drum storage, which I think was even more primitive. It was big, loud, and impressive, though, something that few computers really are now. My washing machine, however, probably has more computing power.
I sold a motorcycle to get money to buy a 20meg Hardcard. I remember its logo and graphics being a minty green. I remember I got $400 for the bike and the drive was every bit of that plus maybe $25. But, boy, that was speed, in those days.
Yeah, I had a Kaypro 4 -- a CP/M machine with not one, but two floppies - which were both double-sided and double-density. I couldn't afford a hardcard, though I think you could get them for Kaypros. One of my friends had one on (I believe) a Northstar machine, then favored by programmer-types for some reason.
And, actually, the Kaypro, primitive as it was, was a very satisfactory machine to write on.
posted at 11:34 AM by Glenn Reynolds
ED CONE: "Last night during the 7 o'clock Simpsons on UPN I saw Al Sharpton doing a LoanMax commercial. It made me ill."
Which is saying something, really. But, to their credit (er, or at least non-detriment), the story that they sent agents to harass a college student who requested Mao's "Little Red Book" via interlibrary loan is a hoax.
Democrats should be making a big stink about problems with Homeland Security, but that would require criticizing big government bureaucracies. There's also the problem that many of them supported creating the DHS, even though it seemed pretty obvious at the time that it was a lousy idea.
posted at 10:19 AM by Glenn Reynolds
CHRISTMAS RETAIL SALES look to have been pretty good, according to this article (subscription-only) from the Wall Street Journal. Excerpt:
Holiday spending climbed 8.7% ahead of last year, according to SpendingPulse, a retail-sales data service from MasterCard International's MasterCard Advisors unit. Demand for flat-panel television sets, MP3 players and digital cameras helped spur gains, as did sales of home furnishings. But sales of jewelry fell this season following years of solid gains.
I blame that last on Jonah Goldberg's relentless criticism of lame jewelers' ads. But here's the bigger news:
Online spending continued to explode this year, as retailers offered Web-only discounts and shipped gifts later than ever. Holiday retail sales on the Internet are expected to top predictions of $19.6 billion in sales this year, a figure that is 24% ahead of the $15.8 billion consumers spent online last holiday season, according to comScore Networks Inc., a Reston, Va., market-research firm.
I seem to remember some talking heads pooh-poohing online sales last week. Sounds like they were wrong.
UPDATE: Hugh Hewitt notes that this is an embarrassment for some.
Online retailers' shares fell in the first trading day after Christmas, as some said sales during the holiday shopping season were slower this year than in the past.
As Kevin notes, it would be nicer if we knew who the "some" were. The story also says that oil prices fell, dragging down the stock market. I've noticed that when oil goes up, it's called bad for the market, and when oil goes down, it's called bad for the market. Obviously, it should always stay exactly the same price. . . .
Chicago architect Stanley Tigerman is equally enthusiastic.
"The intellectual perception of sprawl is a snobbish one that says it's all crap, and Bob points out that it just ain't that way," Tigerman says.
"It's not a black-and-white topic -- in fact it's terribly complex -- and he goes through it all in a compelling argument that's going to have a huge popular appeal. I'm not saying that Bob is a messiah and has all the answers, but it's a really refreshing second look at what's happening."
Yes, it is. And, as NewsAlert notes, one nice thing about the suburban lifestyle is that "it beats having to rely on a transportation union to take you to work."
JIM LINDGREN notes that although the story of the "Little Red Book" incident has turned out to be a hoax, there's a massive government censorship program on university campuses that has gone almost unnoticed.
posted at 11:38 PM by Glenn Reynolds
THE SOUNDS OF silence. "Hillary Clinton. Has she said anything about the current domestic surveillance controversy?"
One reason the warrantless eavesdropping controversy may help, rather than hurt, Bush in the polls has more to do with the character of his administration than popular support for eavesdropping. . . . if the Bushies have really had the energy to secretly do all sorts of illegal spying against terrorists, it's almost reassuring. At least they've been on the case, doing their job as they see it. The more thorough and secret the eavesdropping, the more reassuring on this score.
Maybe Hillary has figured this out.
posted at 10:09 PM by Glenn Reynolds
TV FODDER: I mentioned earlier that Ray Kurzweil will be on Book TV at 10:15 Eastern tonight. Now David Boaz emails that Milton Friedman will be on Charlie Rose tonight at 11.
posted at 09:22 PM by Glenn Reynolds
AMAZON'S PRICE DROP POLICY: I didn't know about this:
Did you know that if the price on something you buy drops, within 30 days of your purchase date, Amazon.com will credit you the difference if you ask for it? Itís a not-advertised price drop policy that most people donít know about and itís saved me tons of money over the last few years.
It's news to me. Thanks to reader Paul Engel for the tip.
I think that Lincoln's reputation is beyond the poor power of Kuttner's words to add or detract. That said, the notion that Kuttner would be guilty of partisan unfairness strikes me as less than shocking, though Anderson's discussion suggests that bringing up the Civil War may have been a mistake on Kuttner's part. But as Anderson says, "Charitably, Kuttner is out of his intellectual depth."
HERE'S MORE on Jeff Bezos' new space venture, Blue Origins. "The company is designing a spacecraft that will take off vertically like the classic sci-fi rocket, land the same way and carry three passengers. Depending on FAA approval, the earliest test flights in Texas could occur late next year."
SINGULARITY UPDATE: Ray Kurzweil was on NPR's Talk of the Nation on Friday, talking about his book The Singularity is Near and technological change in general You can listen to audio here. Interestingly, the New York Times says that The Singularity is Near is one of the most blogged books of 2005. Read this article on Kurzweil and life extension, too.
Meanwhile, here's evidence that a lot of people want to see progress in aging research: "Forget '40 is the new 30.' Now even twentysomethings are joining the quest for eternal youth by using anti-aging products and wrinkle treatments." Think how big the market will be when the products actually work.
My wife (who just turned 21 today) has been using anti-aging treatments for a couple years now. People always tell her she doesn't need it, but she claims now is the time to start, before the wrinkles show up. Once they appear, it's too late. I think that's probably true. I think it's also worth mentioning that the $100 products you can buy at Macy's probably don't work any better than the $10 ones they sell down at the drugstore.
Sunscreen and moisturizer help -- though you don't want to short yourself on Vitamin D, either. And you want to exercise, but not too much. "The more your race 'em the less you trust -- the less you drive 'em, the more they rust."
posted at 11:28 AM by Glenn Reynolds
I FINISHED TOBIAS BUCKELL'S Crystal Rain over the weekend, and liked it. It's somewhat reminiscent of some of Ken MacLeod's stuff in the series beginning with Cosmonaut Keep -- an interesting mix of high- and low-tech.
UPDATE: Via an email from Buckell, I see that he's started a blog. Cool.
The 17-year effort to eradicate polio from the world appears to be back on track after nearly unraveling in the past three years.
A new strategy of using a vaccine targeting the dominant strain of the virus appears to have eliminated polio from Egypt, one of six countries where it was freely circulating. That approach is on the verge of doing the same in India. Twenty-five years ago, India had 200,000 cases of paralytic polio a year. A decade ago, it was still seeing 75,000 cases annually. Through November this year, it recorded 52.
This would be going better still if anti-vaccine hysteria hadn't slowed things down.
posted at 09:05 AM by Glenn Reynolds
POLITICS ON CAMPUS -- AND OFF: Having elevated "diversity" into a value that trumps all others -- except, perhaps, the right of students never to be offended -- universities are in a poor position to resist this campaign.
posted at 09:00 AM by Glenn Reynolds
MORE TSUNAMI STORIES: Gaijin Biker notes that the U.N. seems to have blown a lot of relief money on overhead. ("No wonder it was so concerned that America and other nations might be 'stingy' with donations ó any less, and the refugees might not have received any aid at all.") Those Mercedes don't come cheap! The Times notes that a lot of money given to British charities seems to have gone unspent. Well, it's not like there's anyone who still needs help:
But the pace of reconstruction has been criticized, and frustration has grown with 80 percent of the 1.8 million people displaced by the waves still living in tents, plywood barracks or with family and friends.
In Aceh, one survivor dismissively gestured at a jumble of scrap iron and plastic sheeting _ all that remains of his neighborhood.
"You want to talk about changes, we've seen nothing," said Baihqi, 24. "Many promises of aid, but that's all we get _ promises."
One year ago, a massive magnitude 9 earthquake ruptured the sea floor off Indonesia's Sumatra island, sending 10-metre waves roaring across the Indian Ocean at jetliner speeds that crashed without warning into seaside communities in a dozen countries.
The disaster's scale was overwhelming.
At least 216,000 people were killed or disappeared in the waves, the Associated Press found in an assessment of government and credible relief agency figures in each country hit. The United Nations puts the number at least 223,000, though it says some countries are still updating their figures.
The true toll will probably never be known, as many bodies were lost at sea and in some cases the populations of places struck were not accurately recorded.