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Why President Morsi is in Trouble

A youth leader of the June 30th demonstrations gives us an insider's view of why ordinary Egyptians are in revolt.

by
Mohamed Soliman

Bio

July 3, 2013 - 10:00 am

The protests that are rocking the Egyptian government today date back to June 2012, when the Egyptian people found out the results of the first round of the presidential elections. They discovered that their choice of candidates included Mohammed Morsi (the Muslim Brotherhood candidate) and General Shafiq (the last prime minister of the Mubarak government). The choice was tough. Many people remembered how violent, disastrous, bloody, and corrupt the Mubarak administration was, which made them think of excluding Shafiq from their voting options. So the question became whether to boycott the elections or vote for Morsi, who represented the lesser of  two evils.

The Muslim Brotherhood (MB) had to face the people’s skepticism. The Brotherhood had refused to join the revolution against Mubarak in January 2011. However, the Muslim Brotherhood used the revolution to achieve their private agenda regarding Egypt and other Arab countries.

The second-line Muslim Brotherhood leaders started connecting with revolutionary figures, opposition leaders, and youth movements to convince them to support Morsi in the run-off election. These MB leaders asked for political support for the MB candidate, but the leaders of the January 25th revolution had some demands of their own. They wanted  to  “reconstruct the constitution drafting assembly to represent all Egyptians; appoint 3 vice presidents: a woman, a revolutionary youth leader, and a Christian; and to appoint a national unity government.” Eventually, Morsi and his allies approved the deal and signed a document to guarantee the achievement of these promises.

The Egyptian people decided to trust the Muslim Brotherhood at the time because they couldn’t accept military rule represented by General Shafiq.

It happened that Morsi won the election using our votes and became the first civilian to head the country in almost 60 years. The new president went to Tahrir Square and swore the republican oath in front of the people. Egyptians were optimistic about Morsi back then. But after a while, everything became clear to us. He broke all his presidential promises. He excluded the opposition from  the government, which consisted mainly of old Mubarak ministers and Muslim Brotherhood members. In addition, he appointed a Muslim Brotherhood ally as his vice president.

All the aforementioned broken promises are nothing compared to the constitution drafting assembly. More Muslim Brotherhood members were appointed than was promised. Christians, opposition leaders, and revolutionaries were banned from the assembly. The Islamists then wrote the worst constitution in the whole history of Egypt and the Middle East.

The Brotherhood forced Al-Azhar (the biggest Sunni Islamic institution) to supervise legislation, just like in Iran, and to approve the Brotherhood’s laws with religious protection. They excluded the non-believers from being part of  society. In addition, they assigned a moderate Islamist to replace the Egyptian Orthodox Church in the assembly. And finally, they even interfered in the formation of the Supreme Court to get rid of  judges who opposed them in the past.

Our calls for demonstrations against Morsi after the first 100 days of his presidency weren’t well-received by Egyptians. Reasons for that include the extreme fear of economic crisis, instability, and lack of security. Although these reasons have a real basis, they were magnified by the Muslim Brotherhood’s media propaganda to prevent us from gaining more supporters for our cause, which was protesting their broken promises. By that time, the Muslim Brotherhood was using violence to solve political disputes. They smashed the location where the opposition supporters were gathered, and their attack resulted in hundreds of injuries.

The situation was calm during the month that followed this incident, despite several meetings between the American ambassador, Anne W. Patterson, and the Muslim Brotherhood’s strongest man, Khairat Al-Shater. The American ambassador kept supporting  Muslim Brotherhood decisions despite the damage they caused to Egypt and the Middle East.

Five days after the  trip to Egypt made by Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, and three days after the first meeting between opposition leaders and Morsi, the president issued a  declaration which enabled him to claim sweeping powers (legislative and  judicial power in addition to the executive authority). Morsi strengthened the constitution drafting assembly and the Shura Council with MB members to avoid a High Court decree that dismissed them all due to errors in the enabling legislation.

The Egyptian middle class took to the streets to defend Egypt’s identity from being hijacked by the Islamists. Protestors were marching all over the country chanting against Morsi and his Muslim Brotherhood  leaders. We marched to the presidential palace and decided to sit in in front of the palace which is our constitutional right. The next day, the Muslim Brotherhood militia attacked us, harassed women, and tortured political activists in the presidential palace itself. Hundreds were injured and seven were shot.

Morsi and the Muslim Brotherhood have obliterated much of the goodwill that many Egyptians were willing to give to them. Egypt has become divided into two sides. The country hasn’t faced a situation like that in our history before.

On the second anniversary of the January 25 revolution, the police affiliated with the Muslim Brotherhood used violence against  peaceful demonstrators in northern cities. They killed more than 59 Egyptians. The city of Port Said  saw 34 lives lost thanks to the Muslim Brotherhood’s strategy of how to deal with demonstrators.

Egypt turned into a failed state. Constant fuel and power shortages and increasing street violence made life difficult. The Muslim Brotherhood refused to listen to the people demanding change.

When Morsi and his Muslim Brotherhood tried to deal with the Nile River crisis — an issue that involves Egypt’s share of the Nile River water with other African countries — they considered starting a military campaign against Ethiopia, which planned to build a dam that would severely limit water flowing into Egypt. Needless to say, such action would probably have started a war in this critical region.

Americans must wonder what specifically makes the Obama administration support Muslim Brotherhood rule in Egypt. The administration seems inclined to deal with the biggest cross-continent Islamic organization in order to force the Brotherhood to serve the administration’s interests in the Middle East, mainly when it comes to Syria.

The Muslim Brotherhood offered the Obama administration what they can’t refuse: a solution to the Syrian civil war. They are more moderate than other Salafists and jihadists in Syria’s “Nusra Front.” The Muslim Brotherhood said they will force the Syrian jihadists to stick to a clear agenda for what will come after the downfall of Assad. The Muslim Brotherhood convinced the American administration that they can control the flow of weapons.

But all of this is gone with the wind due to the overestimation by the administration of the power of the Muslim Brotherhood, and the MB’s attempts to work for their own agenda regarding the Middle East.

The Egyptian chapter of the Muslim Brotherhood is very much involved in the Syrian civil war. They are hosting Syrian refugees in Cairo and training them to take over after the downfall of  Assad. They collect money from Egyptians to send to the Syrian Muslim Brotherhood chapter, with the aim of buying the services and loyalty of independent Syrian militia.

They seduced the Egyptian youth with their religious slogans about jihad in Syria against infidels. Hundreds of Egyptians were trained to use heavy weapons and bombs; then the Brotherhood  sent them to Syria. The same scenario happened with Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda in Afghanistan during the Soviet invasion. After the Egyptian jihadists returned from Afghanistan in the 1990s, they began a series of suicide bombings against tourists, also attacking historic temples and high-ranking police officers. They spread fear in the hearts of Egyptians.

When Morsi came to power he appointed the infamous Muslim Brotherhood leader Essam Al Haddad as his advisor for foreign affairs, but for all practical purposes he’s the actual foreign minister. Ever since his appointment, he has stuck to the Muslim Brotherhood agenda regarding other Arab countries.

Haddad and another Muslim Brotherhood leader, Mahmoud Ghozlan, pressured the Jordanian government to appoint five Jordanian MB  members as  ministers in the new government. That caused tension between Egypt and Jordan. In return, the Muslim Brotherhood leaders and Morsi’s administration would guarantee the export of natural gas to Jordan at reasonable prices. In response to their blackmail, the Jordanian government applied new  laws for Egyptian workers in Jordan. Fifty percent of them were forced to leave their jobs, hunted in the streets, and then deported back to Egypt .

Muslim Brotherhood rule in three main countries in the Middle East has caused instability and tensions between governments — all  in order to serve their own interests. Those interests include the return of the caliphate, where, of course, the supreme guide of the Muslim Brotherhood would be installed as the new caliph. This is the main reason for establishing a cross-continent organization such as the Muslim Brotherhood: to rule the region in the name of Islam.

On Sunday, June 30, Egyptians took their anger to the streets. They protested against the Morsi administration and his Muslim Brotherhood government. Egyptians are protesting against the Brotherhood imposing their beliefs on Egypt, as well as protesting against fascist rule in general.

The protestors are demanding a stable Egypt and stable Middle East. They are demanding a better future for the nation. And the only way to achieve that is to force Morsi to step down.

Americans should demand that the Obama administration stop supporting fascist rule in Egypt. His support for the Muslim Brotherhood  will create another Osama Bin laden, and will eventually destabilize the whole Middle East.

I am an Egyptian student who became involved in politics in 2005. I was involved in organizing demonstrations against Mubarak, against military rule after Mubarak’s exit, and against the Muslim Brotherhood now.

I am writing this message while I am being threatened with losing my freedom, and even my life.. The Muslim Brotherhood leaders  have threatened everyone who organized the June 30th demonstrations against Morsi (June 30 Front), in which I played a role in organizing the youth of the country.

Will you keep silent?

The author is a youth leader in the Egyptian June 30 Movement.

Comments are closed.

Top Rated Comments   
Basically the problem is that Obama is listening to Susan Rice, and Samantha Power, both of whom are anti-American power projection...and so...it goes...
42 weeks ago
42 weeks ago Link To Comment
Obama's record in the Middle East sure is strange, isn't it? Everywhere in this "Arab Spring" where the outcome might have at least had a chance to be favorable to the United States, he has not acted to help that happen. Where it was certain or likely that the Muslim Brotherhood would take over, he has helped them do so.

Iran was the first domino. Millions of people protested for a more open, secular government. He did nothing to help them, and now the biggest threat to world peace is still in power there.

Then came Egypt and Libya, both of which were run by despots but had either helped keep the peace in the region or had done nothing to promote conflict. He helped overthrow both knowing the most powerful players in the revolt were the Muslim Brotherhood.

Now there's Syria, with another despot who's a faithful friend of Iran. Obama did nothing for a long time either way, but now that the PR is becoming intolerable for Assad, he begins to back the revolution, with the strongest parties not just the Muslim Brotherhood, but al Qaeda too.

As Turkey slides towards Islamic extremism from it's long tradition of secularism, Obama re-affirms his affinity for Erdogan, the architect of the "fundamental transformation" of his country.

Where the hell is any sense of coherence in his policies, most of which seem not to be in the best interest of the US?
42 weeks ago
42 weeks ago Link To Comment
Well, we're finally getting a more nuanced view of the MB in Egypt. The army isn't only worried about people in the streets. The army is genuinely worried about Egypt's sovereignty and its military being used for MB purposes that have nothing to do with the national interests or security of Egypt. This is why Morsi will not survive. This is not simply a matter of misgovernance, the army sees Morsi as a direct threat to Egypt itself.
42 weeks ago
42 weeks ago Link To Comment
All Comments   (27)
All Comments   (27)
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what Alexander said I am stunned that a mom able to get paid $8038 in one month on the computer. did you look at this web site... www.can99.com
42 weeks ago
42 weeks ago Link To Comment
"The American ambassador kept supporting Muslim Brotherhood decisions despite the damage they caused to Egypt and the Middle East."
No surprise that Obama was on the side of the radical islamicists, and against political pluralism. I dont blame you egyptians a bit for your anti Obama signs. Just remember that Obama is not America, and many of us would like to see a real democracy in egypt, one that prot4ects all the people, not just the brotherhood fanatics or the former mubarak supporters.
Its glad to see egyptians standing for real democracy again. One caution though, it looks like your opposition needs to get better organized and unified, and be able to come up with a real national unity slate that can win the next election, otherwise you may again be confronted with a choice between mubarak supporters, or the muslim brotherhood.
42 weeks ago
42 weeks ago Link To Comment
Egypt needs capitalism. The Obama regime will never support that. The GOP should help in any way to transition from state socialism to economic freedom.

P.s. How can the US people support the Egyptians now? Social media...what?
42 weeks ago
42 weeks ago Link To Comment
Throw lefties out of office next election and don't elect or re-elect RINO's.
42 weeks ago
42 weeks ago Link To Comment
Islam is incompatible with Capitalism. That is a major reason why the Left loves it so much. You need to learn about Islam. I say this not as someone who likes it, but rather as someone who believes you should study your enemies.

If you can just take Allah out of the equation a Muslim is the perfect citizen of a Leftist utopia. Utter submission to authority and utter intolerance for anyone who does not share their beliefs. That's the essence of it all.

Of course the Left believes that they can extract Allah out of the equation and substitute whatever Dear Leader they want. But if there is anything that can be said about the Left in general, it is that they seem incapable of learning anything. It should not be forgotten that the major impetus for the turmoil in Iran was started by the local communists. They thought they could use the radical Islamists and then discard them once they were in power. But stupid is as Leftists do. Once the shooting was over the Leftists learned, very shortly before their deaths, that they were not the spiders but the flies, and nothing ends so quickly as a fly who thinks hes a spider, especially if there are real spiders around.
42 weeks ago
42 weeks ago Link To Comment
Succinct and correct.

The same thing will happen to all the useful idiots here who are joyfully carrying the water for Obama et al.
42 weeks ago
42 weeks ago Link To Comment
A helpful reminder of all the promises Morsi broke, which makes his cailm to constitutional legitimacy a farce. This Christian American wishes the Egyptian people well. May you enjoy the promise of True Freedom. obama does not speak for me.
42 weeks ago
42 weeks ago Link To Comment
It looks like the author is saying that Morsi got a green light from Hillary and his actions after her reassurance of American backing are what brought him down.
42 weeks ago
42 weeks ago Link To Comment
Allah luv ya, kid. But you need to realize that your immediate problem started when you guys ELECTED the Muslim Brotherhood. Your missive above tried to rationalize it, but there is simply no justification for doing something so damn stupid as putting the Muslim Brotherhood into power. Pretty much everyone in the US outside Obama's foreign policy establishment saw this coming; how you could not is a mystery, unless, we logically assumed, you wanted them. You say you didn't like how "violent, disastrous, bloody, and corrupt " the Mubarak administration was, so you VOTE to replace it with religious nut jobs whose record shows them to be even more violent, disastrous, bloody, and corrupt. You voted the Muslim Brotherhood into power and they proceeded to act like the Muslim Brotherhood. Allah luv ya in taking responsibility by acting to remove these douchebags, and Allah luv ya more for finally standing up to Islamofascists. Just remember how this started: when you ignored what the Muslim Brotherhood had been saying and standing for for the past 85 years.
42 weeks ago
42 weeks ago Link To Comment
Obama's record in the Middle East sure is strange, isn't it? Everywhere in this "Arab Spring" where the outcome might have at least had a chance to be favorable to the United States, he has not acted to help that happen. Where it was certain or likely that the Muslim Brotherhood would take over, he has helped them do so.

Iran was the first domino. Millions of people protested for a more open, secular government. He did nothing to help them, and now the biggest threat to world peace is still in power there.

Then came Egypt and Libya, both of which were run by despots but had either helped keep the peace in the region or had done nothing to promote conflict. He helped overthrow both knowing the most powerful players in the revolt were the Muslim Brotherhood.

Now there's Syria, with another despot who's a faithful friend of Iran. Obama did nothing for a long time either way, but now that the PR is becoming intolerable for Assad, he begins to back the revolution, with the strongest parties not just the Muslim Brotherhood, but al Qaeda too.

As Turkey slides towards Islamic extremism from it's long tradition of secularism, Obama re-affirms his affinity for Erdogan, the architect of the "fundamental transformation" of his country.

Where the hell is any sense of coherence in his policies, most of which seem not to be in the best interest of the US?
42 weeks ago
42 weeks ago Link To Comment
Basically the problem is that Obama is listening to Susan Rice, and Samantha Power, both of whom are anti-American power projection...and so...it goes...
42 weeks ago
42 weeks ago Link To Comment
They aren't anti- American power projection by their actions, they are just sneaky about it (drones) or "leading from behind." Also both believe the purpose should be to help some agenda other than for the benefit of the US. If Israel or some other friend of the US might be helped by some action, then that becomes a possible deal killer.
42 weeks ago
42 weeks ago Link To Comment
We have a text message from a Coptic friend in Cairo: "Thanks God." Now the hard work starts. Non-Islamist opposition groups weren't organized in the first revolution. I hope they are now.
42 weeks ago
42 weeks ago Link To Comment
Egypt: Military coup under way, says Mohammed Morsi top adviser Wednesday, July 03, 2013

http://networkedblogs.com/MNrzi
42 weeks ago
42 weeks ago Link To Comment
You cannot just complain, you must back an alternative.

All this says is Morsi won as the (perceived) lesser of two evils.

Can the military run Egypt? IS that the alternative? What will they do next?
42 weeks ago
42 weeks ago Link To Comment
Well, when it comes to a military dictatorship, what you usually get is tyranny with a shelf life. How bearable that is tends to depend on who's in charge and what he's like.

If Egypt is fortunate, perhaps the people will get someone no worse than Franco, who rose to power mostly by default in the aftermath of the Spanish Civil War, all other potential contenders for the position having killed each other. His rule was exceedingly dangerous to anyone who threatened it, but he did have a certain measure of political flexibility that allowed for free-market reforms and the gradual easing of his repressive measures over time.

If Egypt is not so fortunate, it will get a Kim Jong Il type who'll micro-manage and nationalize everything, and we'll hear of Egyptians fleeing to the Gaza Strip because even that wretched encampment will be considered more livable than their home country. Egypt will also probably get itself into a senseless war with some neighboring country in a similar style to Iran and Iraq because that's what military dictators who can't get accustomed to civilian rule tend to do.

Either way, expect Egypt not to get along with its neighbors any better than any other country in the Middle East ever has, and all interventions from external sources (such as the U.N. particularly) to make things even worse.
42 weeks ago
42 weeks ago Link To Comment
The head of their Supreme Court will become interim President. The new Constitution is suspended. New elections as soon as possible. New Constitution to be created. Islamist TV channels are off-air. The MB, at least for the foreseeable future, are finished in Egypt, pariahs. People are going nuts celebrating in the streets. Honking car horns and fireworks bursts are non-stop.
42 weeks ago
42 weeks ago Link To Comment
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