The Senate had an entire year to develop and move legislation addressing these issues through the regular committee process and passage on the Senate floor. The Democratic majority in the Senate under the leadership of Senator Harry Reid have willfully refused to do their job. They do not want to publicize what they are for until they get Republicans to agree to it too. This is out of fear to let the public know how little spending they would actually like to cut and how much they would actually like to increase taxes.
The Senate Democrats want cover from Senate Republicans to show the public that they are reasonable.
The Republican majority House of Representatives plays no such games. Most House Republicans understand they will need to compromise to get the legislation signed into law, but they pass legislation to show the public where they stand before sitting down to compromise with the Senate and President Obama.
The Senate needs to realize they have not completed the job they were elected to do. Each house of Congress has passed a version of the bill. They now need to do the job they knew had to be done all year and work out their differences not next week, next month, or next year, but now.
The differences mainly center on the offsets included in the House version of the bill to prevent the extension of benefits and tax cuts from increasing the already massive deficit. There are no shortage of items that could be cut from the budget. Citizens Against Government Waste has an extensive list of options available to legislators for budget cuts.
An entire year has been wasted posturing and whining. Now is the time to just do your job that you were elected to do.
No ice cream until you clean your room.