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The Lessons of History: Kristallnacht in Egypt

To embrace the Muslim Brotherhood is to endorse a direct descendant of the Nazi Party.

by
Hans A. von Spakovsky

Bio

August 20, 2013 - 11:54 am

As the military (with the support of secular groups that don’t want an Islamist state) battles the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt and Americans argue over how to react, we should look back at history to understand why we should support the military as the lesser of two evils and hope for its success.  Those who know the history of the Muslim Brotherhood and see the murderous attacks it has launched on the homes, businesses, schools, and churches of Coptic Christians, who represent about 10 percent of the population, will recognize that we have seen this type of behavior before.

The Brotherhood is simply using the same tactics and ideology of the political party that it allied itself with in the 1930s and 40s: the Nazi Party.  What is happening to the Coptic Christians being beaten, kidnapped, and killed all over Egypt is similar to what happened to Jews in Germany during Kristallnacht on November 9-10, 1938, when Jews were killed and beaten and their homes, stores, schools, and synagogues ransacked, looted, and demolished in Germany and Austria.

The Muslim Brotherhood was founded in Egypt in 1928 by Sheikh Hassan al-Banna, who was a great admirer of Adolf Hitler and who formed an alliance with the Nazis.  The Brotherhood helped distribute translated copies of Mein Kampf and other Nazi propaganda.  The ideology of the Muslim Brotherhood is eerily similar to Nazi fascism, including its ultimate objective of world conquest and a new caliphate.  The only difference is it believes in the supremacy of Islam instead of the supremacy of the Aryan race.

The Nazis even helped fund the Great Arab Revolt of 1936-1939 against the Jews and British in Palestine, which was led by Hajj Amin al-Husseini, the grand mufti of Jerusalem, and one of the leaders of the Muslim Brotherhood.  It was al-Husseini who met with Hitler in 1941 and helped augment the traditional Arab hatred of Jews with plans for a genocidal campaign against Jews.

The fascist origins of the Muslim Brotherhood are fully ingrained in everything it does.  Its hatred for Jews has migrated into a hatred of all non-Muslims, particularly Christian Arabs.  In the Muslim Brotherhood’s eyes, Coptic Egyptians are traitors to their race and the only true religion, Islam.  Many Americans refuse to understand that jihadists like the Brotherhood do not accept any separation between church and state — the only acceptable government is a Muslim theocratic state based on Sharia law.

There is another parallel to Nazi Germany in the situation in Egypt that Americans should also keep in mind.  Adolf Hitler and the Nazis were democratically elected in the 1932 elections just like Mohamed Morsi was in 2012.  Hitler then set out to destroy Germany’s democracy and make himself and the Nazi Party its supreme ruler.  Morsi has spent the past year taking the same type of steps, slowly throttling his opposition and media critics, and working to make his formally banned fascist party, the Muslim Brotherhood, sovereign over all of Egypt.

Just like Hitler and the Nazis, the Muslim Brotherhood wants full dictatorial control of the country and the elimination of Jews, Christians, and all non-Muslims. There is no question that if they can gain control of the military, they will do everything possible to prepare for and launch a war to destroy Israel.  That is a fundamental tenet of their ideology.

Many forget that Hitler had a very uneasy relationship initially with the German military.  It was the only viable force in Germany that could have deposed Hitler and the Nazis as they started to consolidate power.  But the military never did so and Hitler acted quickly to take control of the military to prevent any such opposition from developing.  It was only late in the war in 1944 that a small number of senior military officers finally tried to assassinate Hitler to get rid of him and end the war.

But what if the German military had acted much earlier?  Hitler in essence consolidated his power in the two years from 1932 to 1934 through a complicated series of actions, including plots like the Reichstag fire, the Night of the Long Knives, and the passage of various laws that effectively swept away all of his opposition.  If the German military had crushed Hitler, his SA Brownshirts, the Hitler Youth, the SS, and all of the other Nazi Party affiliates in 1933, perhaps millions of people would not have died in a genocidal war and Nazi concentration camps.  The history of Europe might have been completely different.

Fortunately, the Egyptian military has acted before Morsi and his own Muslim Brotherhood Brownshirts had the full opportunity to consolidate their power.  Morsi and his clan are thugs with views no different than those who stood in the docks at Nuremberg from 1945 to 1949.  If we can learn anything from the history of the 1930s and Nazi Germany, we should be hoping that the Egyptian military is successful in crushing the new version of the Nazis in the Middle East.  That is the only way that a real democracy will ever have a chance to be born in Egypt.

Even if a western-style democracy never takes hold, one can hardly dispute that Egypt was much more peaceful under Hosni Mubarak despite the human rights failings of his government and military.  Things will be much worse if the Muslim Brotherhood consolidates its power.  While there has always been hostility by some Egyptian Muslims towards the Coptics, there was an exponentially sharp increase in attacks on Coptic Christians during the one year that Morsi was in power.

As the Coptic Pope Tawadros II of Alexandria has said, Morsi was Islamicizing Egypt and no doubt would have prosecuted all non-Muslims under blasphemy laws as he consolidated power.  The Muslim Brotherhood is using the Coptics in the same way that Hitler used the Jews as scapegoats.  In fact, the Facebook page of Morsi’s Islamist party, the Freedom and Justice Party, blames the pope for the “removal of the first elected Islamist president” and incites the burning of Coptic churches. The pervasive bloodshed throughout the former land of the Pharaohs against the Coptics over the last month is, in many respects, a copycat Kristallnacht instigated by the Brotherhood.

Ultimately, the interests of the United States in this region are best served by a policy focused on stability.  Wouldn’t we rather see a relatively peaceful Egypt even under military rule with no interest in attacking Israel or supporting terrorist attacks than some democratically elected dictator (one man-one vote-one time) hell-bent on eradicating Jews and other blasphemous non-believers from the face of the Earth?  Is there really some strategic utility in supporting — particularly financially — Egyptians who want to impose an eighth century, barbaric, antidemocratic Islamic theocracy on its population?  To embrace the Muslim Brotherhood is to endorse a takeover of Egypt by a direct descendent of the Nazi Party.  The United States, Egypt, and the world deserve far better.

———————-

This piece was written independently, and is not sanctioned by the Heritage Foundation.

Hans A. von Spakovsky is a Senior Legal Fellow at The Heritage Foundation and a former counsel to the assistant attorney general for civil rights at the Justice Department. He is the coauthor of the book “Who’s Counting? How Fraudsters and Bureaucrats Put Your Vote at Risk”.

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Top Rated Comments   
Those most important words that have ever been spoken...."Those that forget history are bound to repeat it". I think the Egyptian Army are remembering. Good for them!
1 year ago
1 year ago Link To Comment
Thank you for clarifying this for the board. We sit on the edge of our seats, hoping that someone will tease out the particulars so that the content of Pj's articles don't assume preeminence. Certainly, the bulk of this article only serves as a distraction to the more important syntactical error of "Copt v. Coptic." Really, this is the kind of highbrow commentary that so many of us have been screaming for.

And speaking of screams, my guess is that Coptic Christians could give a damn about grammatical elements as they're being murdered. It's a reach, but I'm willing to guess that the survivors are prayerfully hoping they aren't forgotten and that such as Spakovsky will continue mutilating precious prose in service to a larger cause.
1 year ago
1 year ago Link To Comment
The Egyptian Army today, is doing exactly what the German Army should have done in 1934.
1 year ago
1 year ago Link To Comment
All Comments   (26)
All Comments   (26)
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There are a whole bunch of parallels to present times here. Obama is very much like Hitler in his efforts to destroy American Democracy, to set himself and his party as supreme leaders. Also in the 1930s American liberals loved Herr Hitler until he attacked the USSR. Why shouldn't they also love the Muslim Brotherhood.
1 year ago
1 year ago Link To Comment
One thing this aritcle did miss though. It correctly addressed the threat of the brotherhood toward Jews and Christians, but it did not also address the threat the brotherhood posed to moderate secular egy[ptian muslims, who would have also been charged with heresy in the coming islamist terror. This is the reason why many egyptian muslims support the military now. They dont particularly care about Jews or Christians, but they realize that the brotherhood jihadists were a threat to them as well, and the military realizes that the brotherhood would have led them to yet another losing war with Israel.
1 year ago
1 year ago Link To Comment
The closer we look at the players in the Mid East, we are reminded of Nixon's remark on the Iran Iraq war,... Never in modern times have two sides deserved to both lose as in the Iran Iraq war.

Although I agree with your assessments on the MB, the current Mubarek aligned descendents of Nasser also have a Nazi past. The difference here is how it relates to American national interests. Mubarek aligned leadership is by far preferable to almost any other "available" choice in Egypt.

The complexities of Egypt is a microcosm in to the mess we are in regarding the Mid East. Whether OBL was inspired by Egypt or not, the current leader of AQ Dr. Zawahiri began his life as a terrorist with Egyptian Islamic Jihad and his primary goal was to remove the godless infidels from leadership in Egypt and replace them with Sharia, which is why he killed Sadat. That goal was widened to join other Jihadis to remove their godless dictators, and eventually with the inspiration of OBL, this goal was expanded to cut off the head, the US, who they saw as empowering these dictators. When Zawahiri took sole control of AQ, the Egypt-centric model found new life, which is why Obama's madness for propping up the MB is so astonishing.

Even worse, Zawahiri's brother in Egypt sided with the Blind Shiek's family to try to negotiate with Obama. Abdul Rahman's group, Al Gamal Islamiya which officially became an affiliate of Al Qaeda in the mid 2000s, developed a political wing and won numerous seats in Parliment, and eventually joined the MB block to support Morsi. Yes, the WTC93 bombers and the 911 bombers, Al Qaeda, are legislators in Morsi's block and Obama supports them.

Worse yet, Zawahiri' brother sent an envoy to the White House to negotiate the release of Rahman and Obama's White House received him as a guest!!

Questions: When MB took power, why did Obama compare them to Martin Luther King and Ghandi? Why did the media bend over backwards to explain that the MB has changed, is peaceful now, "Their OK now"? Why is it that when conservatives balked at Obama's approval of giving two German attack Subs to Morsi, ie Al Qaeda, did the media claim it was impossible to undo the $2 Billion support we give to Egypt ...or else the Jews will all die, right? ...Yet, Now, the news media every night argue that Obama "may" cut the $2B support to Egypt. What changed? Will the Jews not die now? If the Mubarek faction won't attack Israel if we cut $2B, but the Muslim Brotherhood would have attacked Israel if we cut $2B, then why was Obama sucking up to a leader that is more likely to wipe our ally from the face of the earth?

This is how bad the Muslim Brotherhood was and is. It is for the most part, the clearinghouse for all Islamic terror, BOTH Sunni AND Shia. The current wave of Islamic radicalism started in the 1870s with a Shiitte cleric that moved to Egypt, he inspired Sunnis to go nutty. Then the MB came about. They in turn inspired Iranian mentor to Khomeini, Navab Safavi who started a terror campaign in 1946 that helped get Socialist Mossadeq in power by bombing opponents. Safavi became an associate member of the Sunni MB and based his philosophy on a Shia interpretation of Sayid Qutb's writings. Sayid Qutb is the spiritual forefather of Al Qaeda. MB member Hussayni is the forefather of Palestinian jihad and the genocidal firestarter from the Waffen SS.

So what you have at any given meeting of the Post WWII Muslim Brotherhood is the direct forefathers of Hezbollah, the Ayatollahs, Hamas, Al Qaeda, Egyptian Islamic Jihad, the Blind Shiek's Al Gamal Islamiya,... Am I leaving anybody out? ...and Obama invites them in to the White House? and the left wing media wants them to have attack subs? I'm reminded of how stupid the left looked in retrospect in the 1930s when they admired fascists.

How demented can the left be? Is it possible the Left is even nuttier than we can imagine? Do we, once again, have to witness a 100 million dead before they say "Oops, Sorry".

http://www.currenttrends.org/research/detail/the-dilemmas-of-pan-islamic-unity
1 year ago
1 year ago Link To Comment
Yes the egtyptian military under nassar was pretty unsavory. But Sadat managed to change that, and turned the egyptian mmilitary into a US ally, or at least somebody we could deal with, while the brotherhood was nothing but our enemies. Its a bit disappointing that the only gov in the whole muslim world that is effectively fighting muslim jihadist terrorism, is now opposed by obama, and his idiot rhino collegue, McCain.
1 year ago
1 year ago Link To Comment
it may be disappointing but to be expected from B.O. and where he lies.
1 year ago
1 year ago Link To Comment
In Egyptian history, the Copts welcomed the Muslim invaders, since the East Roman Emperor Heraclius had oppressed them as heretics (Monophysites). Once the Byzantine army in Egypt had been defeated, the country became part of the Arab empire. Coptic Christians have lived in peace with their Muslim neighbors for the most part for 1300 years, until Morsi became President. Note the recent picture of a burned out Coptic Christian monastery church, which had stood for 1600 years until now, with Mass celebrated continuously.
1 year ago
1 year ago Link To Comment
I heard on the radio this morning it was the first time in 1600 years that the Christian church had not had its normal services.

1 year ago
1 year ago Link To Comment
Never forget: Obama supports the Muslim Brotherhood and insists that it is "moderate".
1 year ago
1 year ago Link To Comment
It amazes me just how easily what is happening in Egypt parallels with 1930's Germany.

I am saddened at the moment that the scapegoating if Christians by the Muslim Brotherhood has gotten little media attention and almost no attention from Obama who had time to announce a new puppy.

I understand that he may want to move with some caution with regards to Egypt (he already screwed up by backing the Muslim Brotherhood) but how hard is it to strongly condemn what his buddies in the MB are doing to innocent Christians? They drug nuns through the street-nuns! What in the world could those nuns have done to deserve that?
1 year ago
1 year ago Link To Comment
The crucial link between the Brotherhood and Nazi Party is the infamous Haj Amin al-Husseini, the uncle of Yassir Arafat. Husseini was, essentially, a Nazi – a personal friends of S.S. Chief Heinrich Himmler and architect of the Holocaust. It is interesting to consider who influenced whom, in this case. Consider that “Amin Al-Husseini sw[ore] allegiance to the Ottoman Empire during the Armenian genocide. He is an officer stationed in Smyrna and participates first-hand in the Armenian genocide. One and a half million Christians are slaughtered under the sword of Islamic Jihad by the Ottoman Army. Allegiance to Ottoman Empire and Islamic world take-over will be echoed by Osama Bin Laden in his post-September 11th declaration.”

http://nyyrc.com/blog/2013/08/who-is-haj-amin-al-husseini

The Armenian Genocide (1915), which killed ~1.5 million Christians, Jews, and secular Muslims, among others, was the first modern genocide – a precursor for what was to come in WWII. Husseini participated in it and observed what worked and what didn’t.

In 1921, the British appointed Husseini to lead the Palestinian Arabs. He was notoriously brutal, as one would expect from an eager participant in genocide. It was at this time that the idea to rid the Palestine of Jews (and Christians) was born. Husseini was no fan of the British, either, a fact that helps explain the Muslim Brotherhood’s support for Germany in Egypt during World War II. The Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt in the 1920s and 1930s rejected the British colonization of Egypt, even to the point of actively collaborating with Nazis. In 1941, Husseini organized a pro-Nazi coup in Iraq to throw off the rule of the British, which ultimately failed.

Once the war began, Husseini was only too eager to participate in the extermination. He recruited Muslims from Bosnia to form a Waffen S.S. division. He is quoted as saying, in 1944, “Kill the Jews wherever you find them. This pleases God, History and Religion. This saves your honor. God is with you.” It becomes apparent how far Husseini took Islam and Nazified it. Head of Nazi SS troops Heinrich Himmler stated to Chief of Nazi propaganda Josef Goebbels: “ [I] have nothing against Islam because it educates the men in this division for me and promises them heaven if they fight and are killed in action. A very practical and attractive religion for soldiers.”
1 year ago
1 year ago Link To Comment
Those most important words that have ever been spoken...."Those that forget history are bound to repeat it". I think the Egyptian Army are remembering. Good for them!
1 year ago
1 year ago Link To Comment
and I hope that if push comes to shove, the US military will remember that their oath of office is to protect the country, not save a person.
1 year ago
1 year ago Link To Comment
I hate to mention this again, as I have done so in comments to other articles in PJM in the ultimate days. In 1938 a Gen. Beck and a small group of military and civilians wanted to remove Hitler, by killing if necessary. Those few officiers saw Hitler as an agressive war-mongering danger. But then came along the Obama-peace maker of the day, namely Chaimberlain, and he surrendered Czechoslovakia to Hitler with his famous Munich treaty of 1938 for "peace in our time". Hitler had wanted to use his military (and would have lost in all probablity), but Chaimberlain's peace making removed from Hilter the stain of being an adventerous war-monger, rather just a peaceful reintegrator of the Sudeten-Germans. So Beck and his co-conspirators could do nothing. (Beck later cooperated in the Stauffenberg attempt to blow up Hitler and like others in the German military who joined Stauffenberg death was Beck's reward). So, the counter-factual "what if" phantasy mentioned in Spakovsky's article was no phantasy, only delayed by a couple of years.

There is, however, a big difference between Chaimberlain (whose desire for peace after WW I was genuine and worthy of praise, although stupid) and Obama. At no time and in no way was Chaimberlain a Nazi, let alone did he work intentionally to secure Hitler's power in Germany. Our prince of peace (sic), Obama is decidedly pro-MB and is working to restore the MB to power. I can find praise for Chaimberlain while bemoaning his "honest" error. But Obama is not making an error, rather living out a positive commitment. Why Obama is pro-MB is a mystry to me. By the way, Obama's puppet here in Germany, namely Merkel, is dancing to the strings pulled by Obama. Merkel visited (no doubt for political advantage in the ongoinng election) yesterday the conceptration camp of Dachau (a camp I know well enough), but remains blind to the Kristalnacht of the Christians in Egypt. First they came for the Jews, now they are coming for the Christians and, if they win, they will come for moderate Muslims too--Gen. Sisi will be a dead as was Gen. Beck. History does seem to repeat itself.

Footnote: If you saw the movie on "Privat Ryan" you saw American soliders seeking cover on the beach of Omaha behind sort of triangular obstacles of iron (I forget the technical term). Well, those defensive obstacles used by Rommel to construct the Atlantic Wall were orgianlly of Czech fabrication and had fallen into the hand of the Nazies when they swallowed the Czech nation in 1938. Funny fact, no?
1 year ago
1 year ago Link To Comment
Are you talking about Barack "God Damn America!" Obama and the Totalitarian & Criminally Corrupt Left here? I'm shocked.

Mafia families have higher moral standards than our current government.
1 year ago
1 year ago Link To Comment
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