Israel is often in this position. Its enemies threaten it in unacceptable ways or commit acts of violence just under some unspoken-but-very-real threshold of tolerance (not Israel’s threshold, mind you, but that of the U.S., the UN or the EU). Corresponding Israeli action to protect its people is called “aggression” and Israel is blamed for any resulting damage. In 2002, Israel’s choice was to suffer suicide bombers or to enter Palestinian cities on the West Bank. In 2005, it was to accept terrorist infiltration or to build the security fence. In 2008 and 2009, it was to permit Hamas to rain rockets and missiles on the south, or to enter Gaza to restore its deterrence. In 2010, the choice was to intercept the Mavi Marmara in international waters or to risk having it blow up on Israel’s shores.
In each case, Israel suffered the opprobrium of the uninvolved. Rarely was it noted that if Israel’s enemies would just stop trying to kill them, there wouldn’t be a need for any of those choices.
The U.S. now finds itself in a similar situation, but the belief that America will be at fault if it antagonizes Iran comes at least in part from Americans.
Iran has been pursuing nuclear technology since the days of the shah, but with more overt apocalyptic overtones under the Islamic Republic. While the threat of military action against Iranian facilities is a penumbra around the conversation, the U.S., Europe, and even Israel are first committed to a plan of diplomacy and sanctions to prevent Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons.
But Iran wants nuclear weapons — or at least wants to pursue whatever nuclear capability it wants to pursue without full disclosure and without penalty.
To break the impasse, the U.S. and the West have struggled with the organized evolution of non-military pressure (increased banking sanctions and the decision of the EU to phase in a boycott of Iranian oil). Iran’s response has been to threaten military action to close the Strait of Hormuz, the egress for about 60% of the world’s oil. Ali Akbar Velayati, an adviser to Iran’s supreme leader, said on Iranian television: “Iran will never allow itself to be in a situation in which it cannot sell oil but other regional states can.”
What to do? Well, if you are the chattering classes in Washington, blame the United States for “saber rattling,” “ratcheting up” the tension, and possibly provoking the military activity Iran has announced itself prepared to execute.
Last week, the Atlantic Council gathered representatives of a variety of other think tanks, all heavily populated with former State Department and CIA analysts, to discuss the increased tension in the Persian Gulf. They concluded that President Obama’s statement that he “will take no option off the table” and the dispatch of an American aircraft carrier (along with British and French ships) through the Strait of Hormuz have put us in “a fraught and dangerous situation,” per Bruce Riedel, a former CIA official now with the Brookings Institution.