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Coast Guard Warns Budget Shift Opens U.S. to More Smugglers

They're “growing smarter, bolder and they’re taking greater risk and increasing danger to our homeland.”

by
Bill Straub

Bio

April 25, 2013 - 1:16 pm

WASHINGTON – The commandant of the U.S. Coast Guard warned a Senate panel on Tuesday that shifting the focus of the U.S. Navy from the Western Hemisphere to the Pacific region will lead to an uptick in drug smuggling.

Admiral Robert J. Papp, appearing before the Senate Subcommittee on Oceans, Atmosphere, Fisheries and Coast Guard to discuss the service’s 2014 budget request, said the service branch has worked cooperatively with the Navy on interdiction operations along Central American smuggling routes.

The Coast Guard, in fact, maintains law enforcement detachments on many Navy ships to strengthen efforts against transnational criminal organizations that “are financed by narcotics that arrive by way of the sea, leaving behind a wave of crime and instability in their wake.”

Drug smugglers, Papp said, are “growing smarter, bolder and they’re taking greater risk and increasing danger to our homeland.” But the Obama administration’s proposal to shift the focus of naval operations contained in the 2014 budget request means the Coast Guard won’t be able to rely to as great an extent on their detection and monitoring assistance in the Caribbean.

“Unfortunately, with the reduction of resources, my highest focus is for the Western Hemisphere – the arctic, closer to our shores and most notably in the Caribbean and the Eastern Pacific where we have the drug trafficking routes,” Papp said, adding that in past years the availability of Navy personnel and vessels “has been a force multiplier for us.”

“So the loss of the Navy ships in the Caribbean ultimately is just going to result in more drugs that are making it through,” Papp said.

The Joint Interagency Task Force South, a multiservice organization that counters illicit trafficking operations and cooperates on security matters, reports that the U.S. is currently intercepting about one-third of the attempts to smuggle drugs around Central America. Last year, Coast Guard interdiction efforts resulted in 107 metric tons of pure cocaine. By comparison, all the law enforcement agencies in the lower 48 states interdicted only 40 metric tons of cocaine.

“So, more drugs,” Papp said. “And we’ll have fewer assets that we can re-divert to other missions like migrant interdiction and other Coast Guard activities in those areas.”

Regardless, Papp assured the committee that the shift in focus for the Navy is the right decision.

“The Coast Guard, I think, can provide contributions and we have in fact provided contributions there in the past,” Papp said. “There are many nations, including China, that are looking to the US Coast Guard as a role model to the maritime force that they should be building, that controls the rule of law to the sea and I think that we could serve that purpose out there.”

Sen. Marco Rubio (R-Fla.), the ranking member of the subcommittee, said the pivot toward the Pacific isn’t “a bad idea,” but the fact that the loss of naval presence in the Western Hemisphere isn’t “being replaced by anything…creates these problems and they sound to be pretty significant.”

Papp also said sequestration, the mandated across-the-board budget cuts implemented in March, leaves the Coast Guard “well below the numbers of ships that we need down there to interdict.”

Sen. Mark Begich (D-Alaska), the subcommittee chairman, expressed concern about the Coast Guard’s capital program that delays some critical acquisitions.

“While our nation struggles with finding a responsible balance of fiscal restraint with a budget that meets our needs and responsibilities, I am quite concerned about the nearly billion-dollar reduction proposed” for 2014, Begich said.

Last year, Congress passed a Coast Guard authorization bill that exceeded the Obama administration’s request by more than $700 million.

“I am worried about what lowered funding would mean not only for our readiness today, but with significant cuts slated for acquisitions, what that means for our preparedness for future activity, including the need to replace our polar class icebreakers,” Begich said.

Papp acknowledged that the Coast Guard maintains an aging fleet and that demand for its services is on the upswing.

“Unfortunately, like the weather and the seas we encounter on a daily basis, the Coast Guard cannot control the fiscal environment in which we operate,” he said. “We will make the best use of the resources you provide to faithfully and effectively undertake operations in the areas of greatest risk to the nation while recapitalizing our cutters, boats and aircraft to address current and emerging threats particularly in the offshore environment.”

Panel members expressed less concern about the proposed budget for another agency with a representative before the committee on Tuesday, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The president has proposed a modest spending increase to maintain satellite tracking capabilities, ocean observation, fish stock assessments, and basic research into climate and marine debris, among other programs.

But Begich expressed concern over the impact of furloughs necessitated by the sequester. And Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-Minn.) said NOAA services are desperately needed in the Red River Valley, which faces the potential for record-breaking floods this spring as a result of snow melt – the region experienced an additional half-foot of snow last week as a result of an unusual mid-April storm.

“For a while we thought the Fargo-Morehead area was going to be fine,” Klobuchar said. “The chance of a flood was low and there now is a 40 percent chance that this flood will set a new record and a 75 percent chance it will be at least the second highest on record.”

Officials in the region depend on base flood predictions and planning from the National Weather Service, a part of NOAA, to address the situation, Klobuchar said, and residents are concerned that sequestration will deprive them of vital resources.

Kathryn D. Sullivan, the acting NOAA administrator, said that despite the cuts and looming furloughs, “we will make sure we have a tailored approach to our core of critical services so those go uninterrupted to the American people.”

NOAA needs flexibility to deal with sequestration and is in the process of negotiating with personnel to lessen the severity of the cuts.

“We’re unhappy about sequester and the sort of harsh and blunt realities that it imposes on us but we are pleased we’ve been able to soften the blow on the order of up to four days of furlough agency-wide that is part of what has allowed us to take some of the impact off of the weather service,” she said. “That is still a tough thing to do but it brings the furlough impact down to a level that managers throughout the agency commonly deal with in dealing with employee illness or vacation levels.”

Sullivan said NOAA “will make sure that we provide our managers with the flexibility needed to adapt to emerging situations.”

Washington freelancer Bill Straub is former White House correspondent for Scripps Howard News Service.

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All Comments   (8)
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I spent every budget cycle from '88, the first one I did, through '02 with either static revenue available for appropriation or with a shortfall of revenue versus prior year expenditures, with the exception of or FY '92, IRRC, the year of the First Gulf War, which pushed up the price of oil significantly. I've run budget scenarios with no accomodation for inflation, with no increases in appropriations to meet new, higher fixed costs, e.g., wage increases,, new federal mandates, etc. I can say with absolute certainty that ANY government agency can take at least a 10% general decrement with no effect on services to the public and most could take up to about a 25% decrement while still maintaining direct mission services.

That isn't to say there'd be no effect; the infrastructure functions would begin to erode at 10% and to crumble at 25%, but the public wouldn't see the losses in support staff and the erosion of internal controls. In the normal, non-Obama, world, a government tries to continue to deliver services to the citizenry even in the face of budget cuts or revenue shortfalls so it cuts its own internal support staff before it cuts the delivery of service staff. Comrade Obama and his lackeys are deliberately cutting delivery of service staff so that the citizenry can "feel his pain" from the sequester "cuts." The USCG has a bazillion drones who move paper or work in all sorts of non-essential programs that it could furlough. If they must curtail enforcement, they can stop escorting cruise ships in and out of ports and training their machine guns on innocent pleasure boaters. Even if s/he's supposed to be on your side, a 19 year old with a machine gun trained on you is not a comforting sight. Furloughing enforcement personnel is simply a charade.
1 year ago
1 year ago Link To Comment
A pretty decent read. However, you failed to address a critical issue of inflation and systemic increased costs to the government. The federal government is a huge consumer of the GDP. Under normal circumstance, the federal monetary system is the least perpetuator of inflation. The overwhelming majority of inflation comes from the private sector and most of that is abritrary. The federal government is essentially no differen from you and I as a consumer of goods and services. In fact, the federal government is more hostage to private sector inflation as a consumer of goods and services too labor and benefits equality.
1 year ago
1 year ago Link To Comment
Bring all the Coast Guard back to the U.S. to do it principle job along our sovereign coastlines along with ports and barge lanes. Put the states back in charge of policing the other inter coastal water ways and all their recreational waters. Put the states in charge of recreational boating safety education programs and boat inspections requirements.

There is endless costly mismanagement and redundant authorities in the governments departments, agencies and corporations and especially, in DOD and the Homeland Security.
1 year ago
1 year ago Link To Comment
Less enforcement equals more plentiful and thus cheaper drugs. This means lower crime rates involving theft to acquire drugs. The other side is that our socialist society must pay for those afflicted. Get rid of socialism in our society and let drug abusers be. If they commit crimes against innocent people, punish them in a way that they will not continue to be a public hazard.
1 year ago
1 year ago Link To Comment
Well you can thank the two-party ideological system for whatever degree of socialism and all the other ill's of our government. So long as we continue to have a two-party system, don't look for any changes and national unity going forward.
1 year ago
1 year ago Link To Comment
I don't want to thank anybody in our government. We the people are supposed to be in charge. It is obviously not so.
1 year ago
1 year ago Link To Comment
You won't be in charge or represented outside of corrupted special interests and corrupted partisan idologies in what the two party system has become. Change? Not so long and those bent on dividing the nations people are successful. History shows that no divided nations stands for long.
1 year ago
1 year ago Link To Comment
But we've got money for windmills... .
1 year ago
1 year ago Link To Comment
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