Hoffer’s analysis illustrates that moderately improved economic conditions do not always lead to positive shifts in political attitudes.

Palestinians are at a crossroads: institutional, all-encompassing enmity toward Israel — or a complete and total institutional and cultural change that will lead to a possibility of peace? The latter option seems unlikely. As Hoffer observes: “Our frustration is greater when we have much and want more than when we have nothing and want some.” In the context of Hoffer’s insight, having more would mean that the Palestinians would continue to pursue their goal — the destruction of Israel.

Perhaps a step towards resolving the conflict can be taken when the Palestinians are made to understand that getting more isn’t an option.