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El efecto Obama en América Latina

Thursday, February 9th, 2012 - by Jaime Daremblum

En su reciente Discurso sobre el Estado de la Unión, el presidente Obama no habló de la política de Estados Unidos en América Latina, excepto por una referencia al pasar a los tratados de libre comercio con Colombia y Panamá y por las siguientes siete palabras: Our ties to the Americas are deeper [Nuestros lazos con las Américas son ahora más profundos]. Aparte de esa breve frase, no había nada. Nada sobre la feroz violencia causada por la droga en el vecino México y en América Central. Nada sobre la erosión de la democracia en Venezuela, Bolivia, Nicaragua, Ecuador y Argentina. Nada sobre la alianza estratégica entre Irán y Venezuela o la creciente presencia de Irán en la región. Nada sobre Alan Gross, el subcontratista de la Agencia de los Estados Unidos para el Desarrollo Internacional (USAID) que fue sentenciado a 15 años de prisión en una cárcel de Cuba por falsos cargos de espionaje.

Esto no es ninguna gran sorpresa, porque Obama ha tratado a América Latina sistemáticamente como un asunto de poca importancia. Pero volvamos a la breve frase de su Discurso: “Nuestros lazos con las Américas son ahora más profundos”. ¿Es esa, realmente, la verdad?

Durante la campaña presidencial de 2008, Obama atacó, sin pelos en la lengua, al gobierno de Bush por su relación con América Latina: “Su política en las Américas ha sido negligente con respecto a nuestros amigos, ineficaz frente a nuestros adversarios, indiferente a los desafíos que importan en la vida de la gente e incapaz de hacer avanzar nuestros intereses en la región”. Y sin embargo George W. Bush firmó tratados de libre comercio con Chile, América Central, la República Dominicana, Perú, Colombia y Panamá; creó la Iniciativa Mérida contra la droga; y dio impulso a la asistencia para el desarrollo en América Latina mediante la innovadora Corporación Desafío del Milenio (Millennium Challenge Corporation).

A diferencia de Bush —y de Bill Clinton, y de George H. W. Bush, y de Ronald Reagan— Obama no ha propuesto ninguna iniciativa propia de gran envergadura en la región. Es verdad que consiguió finalmente que el Congreso aprobara los acuerdos comerciales con Colombia y Panamá (aunque solo después que los republicanos ganaron control de la Cámara de Representantes) y transformó una porción de la Iniciativa Mérida en la Iniciativa de Seguridad Regional de América Central. Pero en todos esos casos, Obama no hizo más que completar o ampliar el alcance de políticas establecidas por su predecesor.

De hecho, a pesar de todas sus críticas al historial de Bush en América Latina, Obama no ha cambiado de manera significativa la política de los Estados Unidos para con los poderes democráticos más importantes de la región. Obama ha mantenido una estrecha cooperación con México en materia de seguridad, pero el estrambótico escándalo de “Fast and Furious” ha socavado esa cooperación. Bush tenía relaciones personales, cálidas y productivas, con varios líderes políticos de América Latina, entre ellos, Lula da Silva del Brasil, Ricardo Lagos de Chile, Álvaro Uribe de Colombia, Francisco Flores y Antonio Saca de El Salvador y Alejandro Toledo del Perú. Obama tuvo un cierto éxito en su viaje a América Latina (en marzo del año pasado visitó Brasil, Chile y El Salvador), pero nuestros aliados y asociados siguen esperando que el presidente norteamericano anuncie una iniciativa de gran escala para el hemisferio. El desaliento de nuestros aliados encontró condensada expresión hace un año en el discurso que pronunció en la universidad de Brown el presidente de Colombia Juan Manuel Santos. Según Santos, Estados Unidos ha adoptado una actitud “pasiva” y “carente de compromiso” con respecto al Hemisferio Occidental.

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‘It’s Your Fault’: U.S. Gets the Israel Treatment Over Iran

Thursday, February 9th, 2012 - by Shoshana Bryen

Iran makes threats, the U.S. gets blamed for "saber-rattling."

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Jews, Party Identification, and Political Realignment

Thursday, February 9th, 2012 - by Abraham H. Miller

The 9% shift in party identification changes a pattern begun by Roosevelt.

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The Obama Effect in Latin America

Thursday, February 9th, 2012 - by Jaime Daremblum

Placating enemies instead of strengthening partnerships with friends. (Read this article in Spanish here.) 

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GOProud Expands Mission with Message: ‘We’re Truly Conservatives’

Wednesday, February 8th, 2012 - by Bridget Johnson

As CPAC gathers in Washington, the gay Republican group puts its focus on unity to defeat President Obama.

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DEA Agent: Other Fed Agencies Aware of Fast and Furious in 2009

Wednesday, February 8th, 2012 - by Bob Owens

Yet another account contradicting the Department of Justice's stance.

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One Decent Jobs Report Doesn’t ‘Fix’ Things

Wednesday, February 8th, 2012 - by Tom Blumer

Obama's policies generated a "going Galt" which has handicapped the economy and harmed the lives of millions.

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Lessons from North Korea for Israel and Iran

Wednesday, February 8th, 2012 - by Rick Richman

What does it mean when a U.S. president says he will not "tolerate" a nuclear weapon?

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The Space Speech Newt Needs To Give

Wednesday, February 8th, 2012 - by Rand Simberg

What Gingrich really meant when he proposed a base on the Moon.

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Can the U.S. Navy Cope with Iranian Mines?

Tuesday, February 7th, 2012 - by Stephen Bryen and Shoshana Bryen

Well, we don't have any minesweepers ...

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Paul Ryan to Tell CPAC: ‘Go Bold’ in 2012 or Go Home

Tuesday, February 7th, 2012 - by Bridget Johnson

The budget chairman will tell conservatives in a keynote address that they can't just run against Obama's record.

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Bridget Johnson Named PJ Media Washington, D.C., Editor

Tuesday, February 7th, 2012

Award-winning journalist joins the PJ Team.

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Handcuffing NYPD Counterterrorism Training

Monday, February 6th, 2012 - by Supna Zaidi

Using "Islamophobia" to stifle attempts to educate police about Islamism.

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Eric Cantor: Not Washington’s Role to ‘Jack Up the Economy’

Monday, February 6th, 2012 - by Bridget Johnson

House Republicans look for other ways to stimulate a pro-growth environment. See also: "Cantor: Adding Jobs in January is Good, but is it Sustainable?".

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Adultery Is Bad. Telling Your Spouse Is Worse.

Monday, February 6th, 2012 - by Belladonna Rogers

Why silence is golden when the urge to confess rears its treacherous head.

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Fast and Furious: Three Questions Not Asked

Monday, February 6th, 2012 - by Bob Owens

A competent media would relentlessly pursue the three answers.

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Obama’s Vision of ‘Fairness’

Monday, February 6th, 2012 - by Herbert London

He's not calling for unity, but disunity.

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The February Campaign Schedule: Advantage Mitt

Monday, February 6th, 2012 - by Patrick Reddy

For the non-Romney candidates, February may turn out to be the cruelest month.

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Homeland Security: You’re All ‘Militia Extremists’ Now

Sunday, February 5th, 2012 - by Patrick Poole

Love the Constitution? Hate government regulations? New DHS "lexicon" brands you a "militia extremist."

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Human Rights and National Suicide Pacts

Sunday, February 5th, 2012 - by Paul Diamond

British human rights laws make it extremely difficult for the state to protect itself from terrorists.

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Why Santorum Voters Wouldn’t Become Gingrich Voters

Sunday, February 5th, 2012 - by Adam Graham

The former speaker's character issues would make him a bad fit for Santorum supporters. Also read Bryan Preston at the Tatler on why Romney is attacking Santorum.

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Apple Branches Out to High-Tech Israel

Sunday, February 5th, 2012 - by Brian London

Another huge technology firm decides Israel is the place to be.

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Non-Intervention as Foreign Policy

Sunday, February 5th, 2012 - by Clayton E. Cramer

A beautiful ideal, but not terribly practical for the messy world in which we live.

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A Muslim Brotherhood Smear Job on The Third Jihad

Saturday, February 4th, 2012 - by Phyllis Chesler

CAIR enlists the New York Times in its newest propaganda attack.

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Gingrich’s Temperament a Major Stumbling Block for GOP Voters

Saturday, February 4th, 2012 - by Neil Snyder

Republican voters want a candidate they can count on. And it's probably not Newt.

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